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Failure of silicon nitride under uniaxial compression at high temperature

Gei, Massimiliano ORCID:, Bigoni, D. and Guicciardi, S. 2004. Failure of silicon nitride under uniaxial compression at high temperature. Mechanics of Materials 36 (4) , pp. 335-345. 10.1016/S0167-6636(03)00063-2

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Failure modes of silicon nitride cylinders have been investigated under uniaxial compression at 1200 °C in air. Samples with different aspect ratios (h/d=5/2, 4/2, 2/2, and 1/2 mm/mm) have been tested. In all cases, the stress/strain curves evidence an initial linear portion followed by a peak and a slight softening, denoting a plastic behaviour. Surface exfoliation is the dominant failure mode, although traces of localized patterns of deformations––which initiated and propagated macrocracks––can be found in some samples. A bifurcation analysis has been carried out in order to describe the onset of the specific failure mode. The first failure mode predicted by this approach is an antisymmetric mode, while symmetric modes almost immediately follow. However, antisymmetric modes may be partially hampered by friction at the specimen/cushion contact, while symmetric modes could be triggered by residual stress. Therefore, an interpretation of the observed failure mode is that the exfoliation mechanism may result as an evolution of a first antisymmetric mode into a symmetric one and that localized deformations follow to produce final macrocracks growth.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0167-6636
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2022 09:18

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