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PLCζ and the initiation of Ca2+ oscillations in fertilizing mammalian eggs

Swann, Karl and Lai, Francis Anthony 2013. PLCζ and the initiation of Ca2+ oscillations in fertilizing mammalian eggs. Cell Calcium 53 (1) , pp. 55-62. 10.1016/j.ceca.2012.11.001

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Mammalian eggs undergo a prolonged series of low frequency Ca2+ oscillations at fertilization. These Ca2+ oscillations are the immediate cause of egg activation. The Ca2+ oscillations in mouse eggs have been shown to be driven by increased InsP3 production. Substantial evidence now indicates that a sperm-derived phospholipase C-zeta (PLCζ) is the key molecule that causes these Ca2+ oscillations at fertilization. The fertilizing sperm is envisaged to introduce this essential molecule into the egg following gamete fusion. This review summarizes our current knowledge of how sperm PLCζ causes these oscillations and why it is so much more effective at triggering InsP3 production and Ca2+ oscillations in eggs, than other somatic isoforms of PLC. The molecular features of PLCζ and how they relate to the pattern of Ca2+ oscillations seen at fertilization are considered. We also discuss the evidence that PLCζ does not hydrolyze the conventional source of PI(4,5)P2 in the plasma membrane to make InsP3, but instead uses a distinct pool of PI(4,5)P2 present on intracellular vesicles. This leads us to suggest that sperm PLCζ may be targeted to these cytoplasmic vesicles by directly interacting with a specific but as yet unidentified egg PLCζ-binding protein.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Calcium; Phospholipase; Sperm; Egg; Fertilization
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0143-4160
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2020 02:40

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