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Analysis of exome sequence in 604 trios for recessive genotypes in schizophrenia

Rees, Elliott ORCID:, Kirov, George ORCID:, Walters, James Tynan Rhys ORCID:, Richards, Alexander, Howrigan, D., Kavanagh, D. H., Pocklington, Andrew ORCID:, Fromer, M., Ruderfer, D..M., Georgieva, Lyudmila, Carrera, Noa ORCID:, Gormley, P., Palta, P., Williams, H., Dwyer, S., Johnson, J. S., Roussos, P., Barker, D. D., Banks, E., Milanova, V., Rose, S .A., Chambert, K., Mahajan, M, Scolnick, E. M., Moran, J. L., Tsuang, M. T., Glatt, S. J., Chen, W. J., Hwu, H.-G., Faraone, Stephen V., Roe, Cheri A., Chandler, Sharon D., Liu, Chih-Min, Liu, Chen-Chung, Yeh, Ling-Ling, Ouyang, Wen-Chen, Chan, Hung-Yu, Chen, Chun-Ying, Neale, B. M., Palotie, A., Sklar, P., Purcell, S. M., McCarroll, S .A., Holmans, Peter Alan ORCID:, Owen, Michael John ORCID: and O'Donovan, Michael Conlon ORCID: 2015. Analysis of exome sequence in 604 trios for recessive genotypes in schizophrenia. Translational Psychiatry 5 (7) , e607. 10.1038/tp.2015.99

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Genetic associations involving both rare and common alleles have been reported for schizophrenia but there have been no systematic scans for rare recessive genotypes using fully phased trio data. Here, we use exome sequencing in 604 schizophrenia proband–parent trios to investigate the role of recessive (homozygous or compound heterozygous) nonsynonymous genotypes in the disorder. The burden of recessive genotypes was not significantly increased in probands at either a genome-wide level or in any individual gene after adjustment for multiple testing. At a system level, probands had an excess of nonsynonymous compound heterozygous genotypes (minor allele frequency, MAF less than or equal to1%) in voltage-gated sodium channels (VGSCs; eight in probands and none in parents, P=1.5 × 10−4). Previous findings of multiple de novo loss-of-function mutations in this gene family, particularly SCN2A, in autism and intellectual disability provide biological and genetic plausibility for this finding. Pointing further to the involvement of VGSCs in schizophrenia, we found that these genes were enriched for nonsynonymous mutations (MAF less than or equal to0.1%) in cases genotyped using an exome array, (5585 schizophrenia cases and 8103 controls), and that in the trios data, synaptic proteins interacting with VGSCs were also enriched for both compound heterozygosity (P=0.018) and de novo mutations (P=0.04). However, we were unable to replicate the specific association with compound heterozygosity at VGSCs in an independent sample of Taiwanese schizophrenia trios (N=614). We conclude that recessive genotypes do not appear to make a substantial contribution to schizophrenia at a genome-wide level. Although multiple lines of evidence, including several from this study, suggest that rare mutations in VGSCs contribute to the disorder, in the absence of replication of the original findings regarding compound heterozygosity, this conclusion requires evaluation in a larger sample of trios.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Advanced Research Computing @ Cardiff (ARCCA)
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 2158-3188
Funders: MRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Date of Acceptance: 2 June 2015
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2023 04:44

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