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Respiratory distress of the term newborn infant

Edwards, Martin, Kotecha, Sarah Joanne and Kotecha, Sailesh ORCID: 2013. Respiratory distress of the term newborn infant. Paediatric Respiratory Reviews 14 (1) , pp. 29-37. 10.1016/j.prrv.2012.02.002

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Respiratory distress is recognised as any signs of breathing difficulties in neonates. In the early neonatal period respiratory distress is common, occurring in up to 7% of newborn infants, resulting in significant numbers of term-born infants being admitted to neonatal units. Many risk factors are involved; the increasing number of term infants delivered by elective caesarean section has also increased the incidence. Additionally the risk decreases with each advancing week of gestation. At 37 weeks, the chances are three times greater than at 39-40 weeks gestation. Multiple conditions can present with features of respiratory distress. Common causes in term newborn infants include transient tachypnoea of the newborn, respiratory distress syndrome, pneumonia, meconium aspiration syndrome, persistent pulmonary hypertension of the neonate and pneumothorax. Early recognition of respiratory distress and initiation of appropriate treatment is important to ensure optimal outcomes. This review will discuss these common causes of respiratory distress in term-born infants.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics
Uncontrolled Keywords: Respiratory distress syndrome; Transient tachypnoea of the newborn; Pneumonia; Meconium aspiration syndrome; Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1526-0542
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2022 09:38

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