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The Depression impairment scale for parents (DISP): A new scale for the measurement of impairment in depressed parents

Lewis, Katie J, Elam, Kit, Sellers, Ruth, Rhoades, Kimberly, Bevan-Jones, Rhys ORCID:, Thapar, Ajay Kumar ORCID:, Rice, Frances ORCID:, Collishaw, Stephan ORCID:, Harold, Gordon Thomas and Thapar, Anita ORCID: 2013. The Depression impairment scale for parents (DISP): A new scale for the measurement of impairment in depressed parents. Psychiatry Research 210 (3) , pp. 1184-1190. 10.1016/j.psychres.2013.08.001

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Children of depressed parents are at increased risk of developing mood disorders but mechanisms of intrafamilial transmission are currently unclear. One rarely investigated area is the impact of depression on a parent's everyday functioning. Currently there are no validated assessments of depression-specific parental impairment. The creation of such a measure would complement depression symptom counts, providing a more comprehensive account of the parent's depression. We therefore aimed to develop a valid and reliable measure of impairment specifically associated with parental depression. In a longitudinal study of parents with recurrent unipolar depression and their offspring, we collected data from 337 parents. These participants completed the Depression Impairment Scale for Parents (DISP), a questionnaire assessing depression-associated impairment in multiple domains of functioning. Factor analysis revealed that this measure consisted of two factors - impairment in routine tasks/activities and impairment in family functioning - that together accounted for 51.04% of variance. The scale evidenced good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha=0.82). The DISP also displayed good construct and criterion validity as evidenced by significant associations with established measures of depression severity and global impairment. These results demonstrate that the DISP is a valid and reliable measure of depression-associated impairment in parents.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Uncontrolled Keywords: Child; Intrafamilial; Parent; Reliability; Validity adult; article; construct validity; criterion related validity; Depression Impairment Scale for Parents; disease severity; family functioning; female; functional disease; human; internal consistency; longitudinal study; major clinical study; major depression; male; parent; priority journal; rating scale; reliability
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0165-1781
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2022 09:41

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