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Relations between alcohol, violence and victimization in adolescence

Shepherd, Jonathan Paul, Sutherland, Ian and Newcombe, Robert Gordon 2006. Relations between alcohol, violence and victimization in adolescence. Journal of Adolescence 29 (4) , pp. 539-553. 10.1016/j.adolescence.2006.06.005

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Background Compared to links between alcohol and aggression, links between alcohol and vulnerability are poorly understood. Objectives To determine whether there is a significant relationship between vulnerability to physical violence and alcohol consumption in adolescence independent of a relationship between alcohol consumption and violent behaviour. Design, setting, participants Cross-sectional study of 4187 adolescents aged 11–16 in a stratified sample of 13 English schools. Results Fighting decreased with age whereas hitting others and being hit increased. Relationships between fighting, hitting others and vulnerability to being hit and frequency of drinking and drunkenness were all highly significant (p<0.0001), and were evident at all ages. The outcome most strongly related to frequency of drunkenness was hitting others (odds ratio (OR) 6.62), followed by being hit (OR 4.01) and fighting (OR 2.10). Alcohol consumption and drunkenness remained significantly and independently associated with vulnerability to being hit after adjusting for violent behaviour as well as age and sex. Conclusions These findings indicate an association between alcohol and victimization independent of associations of both with physical aggression. Reducing intoxication may reduce victimisation without necessarily affecting violent behaviour. Violence reduction should focus as much on preventing alcohol misuse among victims or potential victims as among offenders.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
ISSN: 1095-9254
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2017 08:34

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