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Towards global interoperability for supporting biodiversity research on essential biodiversity variables (EBVs)

Kissling, W. Daniel, Hardisty, Alex, Alonso Garcia, Enrique, Santamaria, Monica, De Leo, Francesca, Pesole, Graziano, Freyhof, Jörg, Manset, David, Wissel, Silvia, Konijn, Jacco and Los, Wouter 2015. Towards global interoperability for supporting biodiversity research on essential biodiversity variables (EBVs). Biodiversity 16 (2-3) , pp. 99-107. 10.1080/14888386.2015.1068709

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Essential biodiversity variables (EBVs) have been proposed by the Group on Earth Observations Biodiversity Observation Network (GEO BON) to identify a minimum set of essential measurements that are required for studying, monitoring and reporting biodiversity and ecosystem change. Despite the initial conceptualisation, however, the practical implementation of EBVs remains challenging. There is much discussion about the concept and implementation of EBVs: which variables are meaningful; which data are needed and available; at which spatial, temporal and topical scales can EBVs be calculated; and how sensitive are EBVs to variations in underlying data? To advance scientific progress in implementing EBVs we propose that both scientists and research infrastructure operators need to cooperate globally to serve and process the essential large datasets for calculating EBVs. We introduce GLOBIS-B (GLOBal Infrastructures for Supporting Biodiversity research), a global cooperation funded by the Horizon 2020 research and innovation framework programme of the European Commission. The main aim of GLOBIS-B is to bring together biodiversity scientists, global research infrastructure operators and legal interoperability experts to identify the research needs and infrastructure services underpinning the concept of EBVs. The project will facilitate the multi-lateral cooperation of biodiversity research infrastructures worldwide and identify the required primary data, analysis tools, methodologies and legal and technical bottlenecks to develop an agenda for research and infrastructure development to compute EBVs. This requires development of standards, protocols and workflows that are ‘self-documenting’ and openly shared to allow the discovery and analysis of data across large spatial extents and different temporal resolutions. The interoperability of existing biodiversity research infrastructures will be crucial for integrating the necessary biodiversity data to calculate EBVs, and to advance our ability to assess progress towards the Aichi targets for 2020 of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Computer Science & Informatics
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Q Science > QH Natural history
Uncontrolled Keywords: global change, global infrastructure cooperation, informatics, legal interoperability, user priorities, workflow development
Additional Information: PDF uploaded in accordance with publisher's policy at (accessed 13.8.15)
Publisher: Taylor and Francis
ISSN: 1488-8386
Funders: EC Horizon 2020
Related URLs:
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Date of Acceptance: 30 June 2015
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2019 16:00

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