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Methane-oxygen flame stability in a generic premixed gas turbine swirl combustor at varying thermal power and pressure

Runyon, Jon ORCID:, Marsh, Richard ORCID:, Valera Medina, Agustin ORCID:, Giles, Anthony ORCID:, Pugh, Daniel ORCID:, Sevcenco, Yura Alexander ORCID: and Bowen, Philip John ORCID: 2015. Methane-oxygen flame stability in a generic premixed gas turbine swirl combustor at varying thermal power and pressure. Presented at: ASME Turbo Expo 2015: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, 15–19 June 2015. Conference Proceedings of ASME Turbo Expo 2015: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition. Combustion, Fuels and Emissions , vol.4B New York: ASME, 10.1115/GT2015-43588

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At low thermal power (<5 kW) conditions, nitrogen and carbon dioxide were added as diluents to a premix of methane-oxygen in an atmospheric generic swirl burner. Results indicate that CO2-diluted oxy-methane flames have a wider stability range than N2-diluted flames in terms of overall oxygen concentration in the premix. Bulk flow Reynolds number, augmented by varying the size of the burner exit nozzle, was also found to increase the stability limits of flames diluted with both CO2 and N2, as the increased flow velocity offsets the higher burning velocity of the oxyfuel mixture. A combination of differing transport properties between diluents and the resulting flame chemistry produces a change in the structure of the premixed oxyfuel swirl flame, shown by combustion PIV to affect the observed lean and rich stability limits. Utilising the results at low thermal power conditions, enhanced-oxygen combustion of a methane-air flame was investigated in a pressurized generic swirl burner operating at higher thermal power (<50 kW) conditions and pressures up to 3 bar absolute. Over a range of increasing thermal powers, it is seen that a relatively small amount of pure oxygen addition can shift the equivalence ratio at which the lean stability limit or rich stability limit are reached compared with the same phenomenon observed for a methane-air flame. Pressurised operation with CO2 dilution up to 15.5 mol% was validated through stability limit and emissions gas analysis, giving further support to the use of exhaust gas recirculation in premixed swirl-stabilized burners for oxyfuel combustion.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Additional Information: Title of volume 4B is Combustion, fuels and emissions. Paper No. GT2015-43588, pp. V04BT04A043. (13 pages.)
Publisher: ASME
ISBN: 9780791856697
Last Modified: 27 Jan 2023 02:16

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