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Mechanical forces due to lightning strikes to aircraft: a pseudo-stereo DIC technique for measuring full-field displacement

Evans, Peter R., Featherston, Carol Ann ORCID:, Eaton, Mark Jonathan ORCID:, McCrory, John and Mitchard, Daniel 2015. Mechanical forces due to lightning strikes to aircraft: a pseudo-stereo DIC technique for measuring full-field displacement. Presented at: 10th International Conference on Experimental Mechanics, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, UK, 1-3 September 2015.

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One of the major considerations currently affecting the design of composite aircraft structures is the damage resulting from lightning attachment. Full-field measurements of the displacement of materials under lightning attachment would provide a greater understanding of the forces induced by the high current waveform. Furthermore the understanding of the forces involved would allow for the validation of finite element models to simulate the effects of lightning attachment, therefore aiding in the design of solutions to reduce damage to aircraft structures. The study aimed to develop a pseudo-stereo high speed digital image correlation technique in order to obtain full-field information during lightning attachment based on a 100kA initial strike over a 500μs duration, the most severe waveform experienced. The technique that was developed gave full-field measurements for a 550x550x2mm 6082-T6 aluminium panel under a 100kA lightning attachment. Two correlation measurements were recorded at 3000 and 5000 frames per second. The displacement results are comparative with the theory of a cylindrical pressure expansion arising from the acoustic shockwave on attachment to the material. Further developments to this system could allow for more reliable results and higher frame rates which can be used to develop finite element simulations based on measured physical data.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Date Type: Publication
Status: Unpublished
Schools: Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2022 10:11

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