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Examining the comorbidity of ADHD-related behaviours and conduct problems using a twin study design

Thapar, Anita ORCID:, Harrington, R. and McGuffin, P. 1999. Examining the comorbidity of ADHD-related behaviours and conduct problems using a twin study design. Br J Psych 2001 (Sept) , 179:224-229. 10.1016/j.neulet.2007.12.003

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BACKGROUND: Although attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and conduct disorder (CD) frequently co-occur, the underlying mechanisms for this comorbidity are not well understood. AIMS: To examine whether ADHD and conduct problems share common risk factors and whether ADHD+CD is a more heritable variant of ADHD. METHOD: Questionnaires were sent to 2846 families. Parent-rated data were obtained for 2082 twin pairs and analysed using bivariate genetic analysis and a liability threshold model approach. RESULTS: The overlap of ADHD and conduct problems was explained by common genetic and non-shared environmental factors influencing both categories. Nevertheless, the two categories appeared to be partly distinct in that additional environmental factors influenced conduct problems. It appeared that ADHD+CD was a genetically more severe variant of ADHD. CONCLUSIONS: Conduct problems and ADHD share a common genetic aetiology; ADHD+CD appears to be a more severe subtype in terms of genetic loading as well as clinical severity.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Publisher: Royal College of Psychiatrists
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2022 09:21

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