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A randomized open-label study of gabapentin and lamotrigine in adults with learning disability and resistant epilepsy

Crawford, P., Brown, S., Kerr, Michael Patrick and David, Parke Clinical Trials 2001. A randomized open-label study of gabapentin and lamotrigine in adults with learning disability and resistant epilepsy. Seizure - European Journal of Epilepsy 10 (2) , pp. 107-115. 10.1053/seiz.2000.0474

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The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of gabapentin in patients with learning disabilities and resistant epilepsy, comparing the effects of gabapentin with lamotrigine on efficacy, behaviour and mood. An open-label, randomized, parallel group, multicentre add-on study comparing gabapentin with lamotrigine in 109 patients with drug-resistant localization-related epilepsy and learning disabilities was conducted: 39 patients were randomized to gabapentin and 44 to lamotrigine. The study population had a range of learning disabilities and severe partial epilepsy. The percentage of patients achieving a greater than or equal to 50% reduction in seizure frequency on gabapentin was 50%, (mean reduction in seizures was 51%). Compared to 48.6% of lamotrigine patients, no statistically significant treatment differences could be identified. The safety profile of both drugs was consistent with that seen in previous clinical trials. Carer-rated visual analogue scales detected significant improvements (P< 0.05) for the gabapentin-treated patients in seizure severity, attention, general health and sleeping pattern, while for lamotrigine seizure severity improved significantly. For learning disabled patients with resistant epilepsy, gabapentin and lamotrigine provide safe and effective treatment, with positive benefits on behaviour.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1059-1311
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2017 10:58

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