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Major psychiatric disorders and the serotonin transporter gene (SLC6A4): family-based association studies

Dimitrova, Albena, Georgieva, Lyudmila, Nikolov, Ivan, Poriazova, Nadejda, Krastev, Stefan, Toncheva, Draga, Owen, Michael John ORCID: and Kirov, George ORCID: 2002. Major psychiatric disorders and the serotonin transporter gene (SLC6A4): family-based association studies. Psychiatric Genetics 12 (3) , pp. 137-141. 10.1097/00041444-200209000-00004

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The serotonin transporter (5-HTT) is a suitable candidate gene to test for involvement in the pathogenesis of major psychiatric disorders. We used the method of family-based controls to test for association between disease and a variable number tandem repeat (VNTR) in intron 2 of the gene, which has received support for involvement in the pathogenesis of several psychiatric disorders. We analysed 413 proband-parent trios of Bulgarian origin: 266 had a schizophrenic proband, 103 had a bipolar proband and 44 had a schizoaffective proband. The results were analysed using the extended transmission disequilibrium test. Possible effects of different alleles on certain clinical variables were examined by correlation analysis. Three alleles were detected: STin2.9, STin2.10 and STin2.12. None of the three diagnostic samples showed preferential transmission of alleles that reached conventional levels of statistical significance. We could not confirm previous results that STin2.12 allele increases susceptibility to bipolar disorder type I. The rare STin2.9 showed a non-significant trend for preferential transmission in the sample as a whole: 18 transmitted versus 11 non-transmitted (P = 0.2). The VNTR polymorphism in the 5-HTT gene does not appear to be a major risk factor for increasing susceptibility to major psychiatric disorders.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISSN: 0955-8829
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2022 09:56

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