Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Commercial photovoltaic system design for Cardiff City Hall

Sweet, Tracy ORCID:, El Khatib, Kifah, Bristow, Noel, Drysdale, Brian and Jenkins, Nicholas ORCID: 2016. Commercial photovoltaic system design for Cardiff City Hall. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Energy 169 (1) , pp. 18-29. 10.1680/jener.15.00002

[thumbnail of jener.15.pdf]
PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (788kB) | Preview


The rooftops of Cardiff City Hall were surveyed to establish potential areas for commercial-scale photovoltaic (PV) system design. The orientation and tilt angles of suitable unshaded roof areas were measured for accurate PV system simulation. The performance of two PV technologies, polycrystalline silicon (p-Si) and heterojunction with intrinsic thin layers (HIT) was investigated. From the analysis of simulation, experimental, environmental and economic data, HIT was found to be the best-performing PV technology for system installation. Superior performance of HIT under diffuse sunlight conditions, typical of the UK climate, was demonstrated. Additionally, the maximum power temperature coefficient, verified during experimental work, was lower than the p-Si alternative (−0·28 against −0·50%/°C). Electricity demand data for City Hall were analysed and 8·1% of the annual electricity demand (solar fraction) could be supplied by an 88 kWp HIT PV system. The HIT PV system modelled would significantly improve the energy performance of Cardiff City Hall, avoiding >40 000 kg carbon dioxide emissions annually. The levelised cost of energy from one array (B, £0·11/kWh) was less than the current day tariff rate for grid import (£0·1173). The economic and environmental benefits of well-designed high-efficiency PV systems in the UK at commercial scale are also demonstrated.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Buildings, Structures & designs materials technology, Renewable energy
Additional Information: Published Online: November 25, 2015 Published with permission by the ICE under the CC-BY license
Publisher: ICE Publishing
ISSN: 1751-4223
Funders: EPSRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Date of Acceptance: 27 April 2015
Last Modified: 05 May 2023 03:45

Citation Data

Cited 3 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics