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Mutation screening of SCN2A in schizophrenia and identification of a novel loss-of-function mutation

Carroll, Liam S., Woolf, Rebecca, Ibrahim, Yousef, Williams, Hywel J., Dwyer, Sarah, Walters, James Tynan ORCID:, Kirov, George ORCID:, O'Donovan, Michael Conlon ORCID: and Owen, Michael John ORCID: 2016. Mutation screening of SCN2A in schizophrenia and identification of a novel loss-of-function mutation. Psychiatric Genetics 26 (2) , pp. 60-65. 10.1097/YPG.0000000000000110

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OBJECTIVES: There is a growing body of evidence suggesting a shared genetic susceptibility between many neuropsychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia, autism, intellectual disability (ID) and epilepsy. The sodium channel, voltage-gated type II α subunit gene SCN2A has been shown to exhibit loss-of-function (LoF) mutations in individuals with seizure disorders, ID, autism and schizophrenia. The role of LoF mutations in schizophrenia is still uncertain with only one such mutation identified to date. METHODS: To seek additional evidence for a role for LoF mutations at SCN2A in schizophrenia we performed mutation screening of the entire coding sequence in 980 schizophrenia cases. Given an absence of LoF mutations in a public exome cohort (ESP6500, N=6503), we did not additionally sequence controls. RESULTS: We identified a novel, nonsense (i.e. stop codon) mutation in one case (E169X) that is absent in 4300 European-American and 2203 African-American individuals from the NHLBI Exome Sequencing Project. This is the second LoF allele identified in a schizophrenia case to date. We also show a novel, missense variant, V1282F, that occurs in two cases and is absent in the control dataset. CONCLUSION: We argue that very rare, LoF mutations at SCN2A act in a moderately penetrant manner to increase the risk of developing several neuropsychiatric disorders including seizure disorders, ID, autism and schizophrenia.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISSN: 0955-8829
Date of Acceptance: 21 September 2015
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2022 10:25

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