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Convergence of genes and cellular pathways dysregulated in autism spectrum disorders

Pinto, Dalila, Delaby, Elsa, Merico, Daniele, Barbosa, Mafalda, Merikangas, Alison, Klei, Lambertus, Thiruvahindrapuram, Bhooma, Xu, Xiao, Ziman, Robert, Wang, Zhuozhi, Vorstman, Jacob A. S., Thompson, Ann, Regan, Regina, Pilorge, Marion, Pellecchia, Giovanna, Pagnamenta, Alistair T., Oliveira, Barbara, Marshall, Christian R., Magalhaes, Tiago R., Lowe, Jennifer K., Howe, Jennifer L., Griswold, Anthony J., Gilbert, John, Duketis, Eftichia, Dombroski, Beth A., De Jonge, Maretha V., Cuccaro, Michael, Crawford, Emily L., Correia, Catarina T., Conroy, Judith, Conceicao, Ines C., Chiocchetti, Andreas G., Casey, Jillian P., Cai, Guiqing, Cabrol, Christelle, Bolshakova, Nadia, Bacchelli, Elena, Anney, Richard, Gallinger, Steven, Cotterchio, Michelle, Casey, Graham, Zwaigenbaum, Lonnie, Wittemeyer, Kerstin, Wing, Kirsty, Wallace, Simon, van Engeland, Herman, Tryfon, Ana, Thomson, Susanne, Soorya, Latha, Roge, Bernadette, Roberts, Wendy, Poustka, Fritz, Mouga, Susana, Minshew, Nancy, McInnes, L. Alison, McGrew, Susan G., Lord, Catherine, Leboyer, Marion, Le Couteur, Ann S., Kolevzon, Alexander, Gonzalez, Patricia Jimenez, Jacob, Suma, Holt, Richard, Guter, Stephen, Green, Jonathan, Green, Andrew, Gillberg, Christopher, Fernandez, Bridget A., Duque, Frederico, Delorme, Richard, Dawson, Geraldine, Chaste, Pauline, Cafe, Catia, Brennan, Sean, Bourgeron, Thomas, Bolton, Patrick F., Boelte, Sven, Bernier, Raphael, Baird, Gillian, Bailey, Anthony J., Anagnostou, Evdokia, Almeida, Joana, Wijsman, Ellen M., Vieland, Veronica J., Vicente, Astrid M., Schellenberg, Gerard D., Pericak-Vance, Margaret, Paterson, Andrew D., Parr, Jeremy R., Oliveira, Guiomar, Nurnberger, John I., Monaco, Anthony P., Maestrini, Elena, Klauck, Sabine M., Hakonarson, Hakon, Haines, Jonathan L., Geschwind, Daniel H., Freitag, Christine M., Folstein, Susan E., Ennis, Sean, Coon, Hilary, Battaglia, Agatino, Szatmari, Peter, Sutcliffe, James S., Hallmayer, Joachim, Gill, Michael, Cook, Edwin H., Buxbaum, Joseph D., Devlin, Bernie, Gallagher, Louise, Betancur, Catalina and Scherer, Stephen W. 2014. Convergence of genes and cellular pathways dysregulated in autism spectrum disorders. American Journal of Human Genetics 94 (5) , pp. 677-694. 10.1016/j.ajhg.2014.03.018

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Rare copy-number variation (CNV) is an important source of risk for autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). We analyzed 2,446 ASD-affected families and confirmed an excess of genic deletions and duplications in affected versus control groups (1.41-fold, p = 1.0 × 10(-5)) and an increase in affected subjects carrying exonic pathogenic CNVs overlapping known loci associated with dominant or X-linked ASD and intellectual disability (odds ratio = 12.62, p = 2.7 × 10(-15), ∼3% of ASD subjects). Pathogenic CNVs, often showing variable expressivity, included rare de novo and inherited events at 36 loci, implicating ASD-associated genes (CHD2, HDAC4, and GDI1) previously linked to other neurodevelopmental disorders, as well as other genes such as SETD5, MIR137, and HDAC9. Consistent with hypothesized gender-specific modulators, females with ASD were more likely to have highly penetrant CNVs (p = 0.017) and were also overrepresented among subjects with fragile X syndrome protein targets (p = 0.02). Genes affected by de novo CNVs and/or loss-of-function single-nucleotide variants converged on networks related to neuronal signaling and development, synapse function, and chromatin regulation.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Elsevier (Cell Press)
ISSN: 0002-9297
Date of Acceptance: 25 March 2014
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2021 12:30

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