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Resonant-state expansion applied to three-dimensional open optical systems

Doost, M. B. ORCID:, Langbein, W. ORCID: and Muljarov, E. A. ORCID: 2014. Resonant-state expansion applied to three-dimensional open optical systems. Physical Review A 90 (1) , 013834. 10.1103/PhysRevA.90.013834

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The resonant-state expansion (RSE), a rigorous perturbative method in electrodynamics, is developed for three-dimensional open optical systems. Results are presented using the analytically solvable homogeneous dielectric sphere as unperturbed system. Since any perturbation which breaks the spherical symmetry mixes transverse electric (TE) and transverse magnetic (TM) modes, the RSE is extended here to include TM modes and a zero-frequency pole of the Green's function. We demonstrate the validity of the RSE for TM modes by verifying its convergence towards the exact result for a homogeneous perturbation of the sphere. We then apply the RSE to calculate the modes for a selection of perturbations sequentially reducing the remaining symmetry, given by a change of the dielectric constant of half-sphere and quarter-sphere shape. Since no exact solutions are known for these perturbations, we verify the RSE results by comparing them with the results of state of the art finite element method (FEM) and finite difference in time domain (FDTD) solvers. We find that for the selected perturbations, the RSE provides a significantly higher accuracy than the FEM and FDTD for a given computational effort, demonstrating its potential to supersede presently used methods. We furthermore show that in contrast to presently used methods, the RSE is able to determine the perturbation of a selected group of modes by using a limited basis local to these modes, which can further reduce the computational effort by orders of magnitude.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Additional Information: PDF uploaded in accordance with publisher's policies at (accessed 18.2.16). This article is available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Publisher: American Physical Society
ISSN: 1050-2947
Funders: EPSRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Date of Acceptance: 13 June 2014
Last Modified: 05 May 2023 00:14

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