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The molecular basis of cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS) deficiency in UK and US patients with homocystinuria

Moat, Stuart James, Bao, Liming, Fowler, Brian, Bonham, James R., Walter, John H. and Kraus, Jan P. 2004. The molecular basis of cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS) deficiency in UK and US patients with homocystinuria. Human Mutation 23 (2) , p. 206. 10.1002/humu.9214

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The molecular basis of cystathionine ß-synthase (CBS) deficiency has been studied in 536 patient alleles with 130 different mutations described. To date, no study has reported on the incidence of any of the reported mutations in patients from the UK and the US. We developed a new antisense oligonucleotide (ASO) PCR/hybridization method to screen for 12 of the most frequent CBS mutations in 14 unrelated patients from the UK and 38 unrelated patients from the US, a total of 104 independent alleles. We determined 16/28 (57%) and 28/76 (37%) of the affected alleles in the UK and US patients, respectively. Four different mutations were identified in the UK patients (c.374G>A, R125Q; c.430G>A, E144K; c.833T>C, I278T; c.919G>A, G307S) and 8 mutations identified in the patients from the US (c.341C>T, A114V; c.374G>A, R125Q; c.785C>T, T262M; c.797G>A, R266K; c.833T>C, I278T; c.919G>A, G307S; g.13217A>C (del ex 12); c.1330G>A, D444N). The I278T was the predominant mutation in both populations, present in 8 (29%) of 28 independent alleles from the UK and in 14 (18%) of 76 independent alleles from the US. The incidence of the G307S mutation was 21% in the UK patients and 8% in the US patients. The spectrum of mutations observed in the patients from the UK and US is closer to that which is observed in Northern Europe and bears less resemblance to that observed in Ireland.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pyridoxine responsiveness; homosystinuria; cystathionine beta synthase; CBS; American; British
ISSN: 10981004
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 01:30

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