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Ethnicity and stress at work: a Literature review and suggestions for future research

Capasso, Roberto, Zurlo, Maria Clelia and Smith, Andrew Paul ORCID: 2016. Ethnicity and stress at work: a Literature review and suggestions for future research. British Journal of Education, Society & Behavioural Science 15 (1) , pp. 1-20. 10.9734/BJESBS/2016/24340

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Aims: Ethnicity and culture represent a novel topic in the literature on stress and wellbeing at work because there has not been enough consideration of them in studies of work stress. This paper aims to present a critical review and evaluate recent articles investigating ethnicity in the literature on stress and wellbeing at work to identify limitations of previous research concerning all the aspects related to the cultural dimensions in this research area. Methodology: Pubmed, PsycInfo and Scopus databases were searched for articles dealing with ethnicity and occupational health for the years 1985 to 2014. The studies were divided into three categories as follows: ethnicity and occupational mental health, ethnicity and occupational physical health, ethnicity and work stress. Results: Sixty articles were selected, 26 on occupational mental health, 13 on physical health and 21 on work stress. None of the studies used a transactional perspective or took as a framework of reference general models of stress that integrate all the aspects related to ethnicity with work-related dimensions. Most of the reviewed studies measured ethnicity as a descriptive category of the working population studied (i.e. country of birth, nationality, language, skin colour, origin, racial group) or focused on the differences between ethnic groups and it has failed to consider the salient cultural aspects such as acculturation strategy, cultural identity and perceived racial discrimination. Conclusions: The gap in the work stress literature on different aspects of ethnicity suggests further consideration of the potential role of cultural dimensions as individual differences or as potential sources of stress in work stress models and shows the need to develop and test a general model that integrates ethnicity and work-related stress in a transactional perspective.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Additional Information: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License
Publisher: Sciencedomain International
ISSN: 2278-0998
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Date of Acceptance: 9 February 2016
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2022 11:05

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