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Negative priming in free recall reconsidered

Hanczakowski, MacIej ORCID:, Beaman, C. Philip and Jones, Dylan Marc ORCID: 2016. Negative priming in free recall reconsidered. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 42 (5) , pp. 686-699. 10.1037/xlm0000192

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Negative priming in free recall is the finding of impaired memory performance when previously ignored auditory distracters become targets of encoding and retrieval. This negative priming has been attributed to an aftereffect of deploying inhibitory mechanisms that serve to suppress auditory distraction and minimize interference with learning and retrieval of task-relevant information. In 6 experiments, we tested the inhibitory account of the effect of negative priming in free recall against alternative accounts. We found that ignoring auditory distracters is neither sufficient nor necessary to produce the effect of negative priming in free recall. Instead, the effect is more readily accounted for by a buildup of proactive interference occurring whenever 2 successively presented lists of words are drawn from the same semantic category.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Publisher: American Psychological Association
ISSN: 1939-1285
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2022 09:18

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