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Boundaries of semantic distraction: dominance and lexicality act at retrieval

Marsh, John E., Perham, Nick, Sörqvist, Patrik and Jones, Dylan Marc ORCID: 2014. Boundaries of semantic distraction: dominance and lexicality act at retrieval. Memory and Cognition 42 (8) , pp. 1285-1301. 10.3758/s13421-014-0438-6

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Three experiments investigated memory for semantic information with the goal of determining boundary conditions for the manifestation of semantic auditory distraction. Irrelevant speech disrupted the free recall of semantic category- exemplars to an equal degree regardless of whether the speech coincided with presentation or test phases of the task (Experiment 1), and this occurred regardless of whether it comprised random words or coherent sentences (Experiment 2). The effects of background speech were greater when the irrelevant speech was semantically related to the to-be-remembered material, but only when the irrelevant words were high in output dominance (Experiment 3). The implications of these findings in relation to the processing of task material and the processing of background speech are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 0090-502X
Funders: ESRC grant
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2022 09:18

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