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Evaluation of Real-Time PCR, Galactomannan Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA), and a novel lateral-flow device for diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis

White, P., Parr, Christian, Thornton, C. and Barnes, Rosemary 2013. Evaluation of Real-Time PCR, Galactomannan Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA), and a novel lateral-flow device for diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 51 (5) , pp. 1510-1516. 10.1128/JCM.03189-12

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Diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis (IA) remains challenging. With a relatively low incidence of disease, the use of expensive empirical antifungal therapy exposes many patients to unnecessary toxicity. Diagnosis places emphasis on specific but temporal radiological evidence. Circulating biomarker diagnosis has shown potential, but assays show variable performance, take several hours to perform, and require a degree of technical ability. A novel and simple lateral-flow device (LFD) using monoclonal antibody JF5, which targets an extracellular glycoprotein, has been developed and potentially removes any technical requirements, reducing processing time considerably. In this study, we evaluate the performance of this LFD compared to real-time PCR (targeting the 28S rRNA gene) and galactomannan (GM) detection when testing serum from a European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer/Invasive Fungal Infections Cooperative Group, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Mycoses Study Group (EORTC/MSG)-defined hematological population. In a proven/probable-IA population versus a no-IA population, the LFD performance was comparable to that of both PCR and galactomannan enzyme immunoassay. Specificity (98.0%) was similar to that of PCR (96.6%) and slightly superior to that of GM (91.5%). Sensitivity (81.8%) was inferior to that of PCR (95.5%) but better than that of GM (77.3%). In combination with PCR, it provided both 100% sensitivity and 100% specificity. The LFD permits rapid testing of easily obtainable specimens, to be used as an adjunct test, before confirmation by other investigations. Its simplicity provides centers without specialist diagnostics with a test with clinical performance superior to that of classical microbiological approaches and results that can be used to direct antifungal management. In summary, microbiological diagnosis of IA is difficult and options are limited, with variable performance. An LFD assay targeting a novel specific biomarker has been developed, one which is methodologically simple and provides good clinical performance, particularly if combined with PCR.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Uncontrolled Keywords: Antibodies, Monoclonal; Antigens, Fungal; Aspergillus; Biological Markers; Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay; Female; Humans; Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis; Male; Mannans; Middle Aged; Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction; RNA, Ribosomal, 28S; Sensitivity and Specificity
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
ISSN: 0095-1137
Last Modified: 26 Dec 2017 20:54

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