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The ATLAS3D project - XXVI. H I discs in real and simulated fast and slow rotators

Serra, P., Oser, L., Krajnovi, D., Naab, T., Oosterloo, T., Morganti, R., Cappellari, M., Emsellem, E., Young, L. M., Blitz, L., Davis, Timothy A., Duc, P.-A., Hirschmann, M., Weijmans, A.-M., Alatalo, K., Bayet, E., Bois, M., Bournaud, F., Bureau, M., Crocker, A. F., Davies, R. L., de Zeeuw, P. T., Khochfar, S., Kuntschner, H., Lablanche, P.-Y., McDermid, R. M., Sarzi, M. and Scott, N. 2014. The ATLAS3D project - XXVI. H I discs in real and simulated fast and slow rotators. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 444 (4) , pp. 3388-3407. 10.1093/mnras/stt2496

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One quarter of all nearby early-type galaxies (ETGs) outside Virgo host a disc/ring of H i with size from a few to tens of kpc and mass up to ∼109 M⊙. Here we investigate whether this H i is related to the presence of a stellar disc within the host making use of the classification of ETGs in fast and slow rotators (FR/SR). We find a large diversity of H i masses and morphologies within both families. Surprisingly, SRs are detected as often, host as much H i and have a similar rate of H i discs/rings as FRs. Accretion of H i is therefore not always linked to the growth of an inner stellar disc. The weak relation between H i and stellar disc is confirmed by their frequent kinematical misalignment in FRs, including cases of polar and counterrotating gas. In SRs the H i is usually polar. This complex picture highlights a diversity of ETG formation histories which may be lost in the relative simplicity of their inner structure and emerges when studying their outer regions. We find that Λ CDM hydrodynamical simulations have difficulties reproducing the H i properties of ETGs. The gas discs formed in simulations are either too massive or too small depending on the star formation feedback implementation. Kinematical misalignments match the observations only qualitatively. The main point of conflict is that nearly all simulated FRs and a large fraction of all simulated SRs host corotating H i. This establishes the H i properties of ETGs as a novel challenge to simulations

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 0035-8711
Date of Acceptance: 20 December 2013
Last Modified: 21 Feb 2019 12:14

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