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Expression of hepatocyte growth factor-like protein in human wound tissue and its biological functionality in human keratinocytes

Glasbey, James, Sanders, Andrew James ORCID:, Bosanquet, David C., Ruge, Fiona, Harding, Keith Gordon and Jiang, Wen ORCID: 2015. Expression of hepatocyte growth factor-like protein in human wound tissue and its biological functionality in human keratinocytes. Biomedicines 3 (1) , pp. 110-123. 10.3390/biomedicines3010110

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Hepatocyte growth factor-like protein (HGFl) and its receptor, Recepteur d'Origine Nantais (RON), have been implicated in the development of wound chronicity. HGFl and RON expression was detected in acute wound tissue, chronic wound tissue and in normal skin using quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Q-PCR). HGFl and RON expression was also assessed in chronic healing and chronic non-healing wound tissues using Q-PCR and immunohistochemical staining. Expression was similarly detected in the HaCaT immortalized human keratinocyte cell line using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). rhHGFl was used to assess the impact of this molecule on HaCaT cell functionality using in vitro growth assays and electric cell-substrate impendence sensing (ECIS) migration assays. HGFl and RON transcript expression were significantly increased in acute wound tissue compared to chronic wound tissue and were also elevated, though non-significantly, in comparison to normal skin. Minimal expression was seen in both healing and non-healing chronic wounds. Treatment of HaCaT cells with rhHGFl had no effect on growth rates but did enhance cell migration. This effect was abolished by the addition of a phospholipase C gamma (PLCγ) small molecule inhibitor. The increased expression of HGFl and RON in acute, healing wounds and the pro-migratory effect of HGFl in an in vitro human keratinocyte model, may indicate a role for HGFl in active wound healing.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: MDPI
ISSN: 2227-9059
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 31 March 2016
Date of Acceptance: 27 January 2015
Last Modified: 26 May 2023 16:22

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