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GW150914: implications for the stochastic gravitational wave background from binary black holes

Abbott, B. P., Abbott, R., Dooley, Katherine ORCID:, Fairhurst, Stephen ORCID:, Fays, Maxime, Grote, Hartmut ORCID:, Hannam, Mark ORCID:, Kalaghatgi, Chinmay ORCID:, Khan, Sebastian ORCID:, Muir, Alistair William ORCID:, Ohme, Frank, Pannarale Greco, Francesco ORCID:, Predoi, Valeriu ORCID:, Sathyaprakash, Bangalore S. ORCID:, Schutz, Bernard Frederick ORCID:, Sutton, Patrick J. ORCID:, Tiwari, Vaibhav, Williamson, Andrew Robert ORCID: and LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration 2016. GW150914: implications for the stochastic gravitational wave background from binary black holes. Physical Review Letters 116 , 131102. 10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.131102

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The LIGO detection of the gravitational wave transient GW150914, from the inspiral and merger of two black holes with masses ≳30M⊙, suggests a population of binary black holes with relatively high mass. This observation implies that the stochastic gravitational-wave background from binary black holes, created from the incoherent superposition of all the merging binaries in the Universe, could be higher than previously expected. Using the properties of GW150914, we estimate the energy density of such a background from binary black holes. In the most sensitive part of the Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo band for stochastic backgrounds (near 25 Hz), we predict ΩGW(f=25  Hz)=1.1+2.7−0.9×10−9 with 90% confidence. This prediction is robustly demonstrated for a variety of formation scenarios with different parameters. The differences between models are small compared to the statistical uncertainty arising from the currently poorly constrained local coalescence rate. We conclude that this background is potentially measurable by the Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo detectors operating at their projected final sensitivity.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Additional Information: For a complete list of authors for this paper, please follow the links to the publisher's page.
Publisher: American Physical Society
ISSN: 0031-9007
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 1 December 2017
Date of Acceptance: 13 February 2016
Last Modified: 28 May 2023 19:18

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