Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Synthesis, characterization and DFT studies of zinc-doped copper oxide nanocrystals for gas sensing applications

Cretu, V., Postica, V., Mishra, A. K., Hoppe, M., Tiginyanu, I., Mishra, Y. K., Chow, L., de Leeuw, Nora H., Adelung, R. and Lupan, O. 2016. Synthesis, characterization and DFT studies of zinc-doped copper oxide nanocrystals for gas sensing applications. Journal of Materials Chemistry A 4 (17) , pp. 6527-6539. 10.1039/C6TA01355D

[thumbnail of C6TA01355D.pdf]
PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (3MB) | Preview


Due to their unique properties, p-type copper oxide nanostructures have demonstrated promising potential for various applications, especially for the detection of ethanol vapour and other volatile organic compounds (VOCs). In this work a simple and cost-effective synthesis from chemical solutions (SCS) at low temperatures (≤80 °C) and rapid thermal annealing (RTA) process were used to grow zinc-doped copper oxide (ZnxCu1−xOy) nanostructures. The structural, morphological, vibrational, chemical, electronic and sensorial characteristics of ZnxCu1−xOy nanocrystallite layers obtained by using such an efficient approach based on both, the SCS and RTA processes, have been studied. The investigations demonstrated the possibility to tune sensitivity from VOC to H2, as well as an improved response and high selectivity with respect to hydrogen gas for ZnxCu1−xOy nano-crystalline thin films with x = 0.03. Density functional theory calculations showed that the charge transfer together with changes in the Fermi level facilitate H2 gas sensing, which is further enhanced by Zn doping. Hydrogen gas sensing with a high response and selectivity using p-type hybrid semiconductor nanostructures has been reported. An improved stability in humid air was observed by exposure of doped samples to rapid thermal annealing process for the first time. The experimental and calculation results provide an alternative to sensitive and selective detection of ethanol and hydrogen gases, which would be of particular benefit in the area of public security, industrial and environmental applications

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISSN: 2050-7488
Funders: EPSRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 27 May 2016
Date of Acceptance: 6 April 2016
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 09:10

Citation Data

Cited 82 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics