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Late consequences of early selection: when memory monitoring backfires

Zawadzka, Katarzyna, Hanczakowski, MacIej ORCID: and Wilding, Edward ORCID: 2017. Late consequences of early selection: when memory monitoring backfires. Journal of Memory and Language 92 , pp. 114-127. 10.1016/j.jml.2016.06.003

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At retrieval, people can adopt a retrieval orientation by which they recreate the mental operations used at encoding. Monitoring by retrieval orientation leads to assessing all test items for qualities related to the encoding task, which enriches foils with some of the qualities already possessed by targets. We investigated the consequences of adopting a retrieval orientation under conditions of repeated monitoring of the same foils. Participants first processed foils in the context of one of two tests encouraging different retrieval orientations. The foils were then re-used on a subsequent test in which retrieval orientation either matched or mismatched that adopted on the first test. In the aggregate data, false alarms for repeated foils were higher when there was a match between the retrieval orientations on both tests. This demonstrates that when retrieval orientation enriches foils with target-like characteristics, it can backfire when repeated monitoring of the same foils is required.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Retrieval orientation; Monitoring; Memory for foils
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0749-596X
Date of Acceptance: 31 May 2016
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2022 10:30

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