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Chiral carbene–borane adducts: precursors for borenium catalysts for asymmetric FLP hydrogenations

Lam, Jolie, Gunther, Benjamin A. R., Farrell, Jeffrey M., Eisenberger, Patrick, Bestvater, Brian P., Newman, Paul D., Melen, Rebecca L., Crudden, Cathleen M. and Stephan, Douglas W. 2016. Chiral carbene–borane adducts: precursors for borenium catalysts for asymmetric FLP hydrogenations. Dalton Transactions 45 (39) , pp. 15303-15316. 10.1039/C6DT02202B

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The carbene derived from (1R,3S)-camphoric acid was used to prepare the borane adduct with Piers’ borane 7. Subsequent hydride abstraction gave the borenium cation 8. Adducts with 9-BBN and the corresponding (1R,3S)-camphoric acid-derived carbene bearing increasingly sterically demanding N-substituents (R = Me 9, Et 10, i-Pr 11) and the corresponding borenium cations 12–14 were also prepared. These cations were not active as catalysts in hydrogenation, although 9–11 were shown to undergo carbene ring expansion reactions at 50 °C to give species 15–17. The IBOX-carbene precursors 18 and 19 derived from amino alcohols (S)-valinol and (S)-tert-leucinol (R = i-Pr, t-Bu) were used to prepare borane adducts 20–23. Reaction of the carbenes 1,3-dimethylimidazol-2-ylidene (IMe), 1,3-di-iso-propylimidazol-2-ylidene (IPr) 1-benzyl-3-methylimidazol-2-ylidene (IBnMe), 1-methyl-3-phenylimidazol-2-ylidene (IPhMe) and 1-tert-butyl-3-methylimidazol-2-ylidene (ItBuMe) with diisopinocampheylborane (Ipc2BH) gave chiral adducts: (IMe)(Ipc2BH) 24, (IPr)(Ipc2BH) 25, (IBnMe)(Ipc2BH) 26, (IPhMe)(Ipc2BH) 27, and (ItBuMe)(Ipc2BH) 28. Triazolylidene-type adducts including the (10)-phenyl-9-borabicyclo [3.3.2]decane adduct of 1,3,4-triphenyl-1H-1,2,3-triazolium, rac-29 and the 9-BBN derivative of (S)-2-amino-2′-methoxy-1,1′-binaphthalene-1,2,3-triazolium 34a/b were also prepared. In catalytic studies of these systems, while several species were competent catalysts for imine reduction, in general, low enantioselectivities, ranging from 1–20% ee, were obtained. The implications for chiral borenium cation catalyst design are considered.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISSN: 1477-9226
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 1 July 2016
Date of Acceptance: 22 June 2016
Last Modified: 17 Sep 2020 09:15

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