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Far-reaching dust distribution in galaxy disks

Smith, Matthew William L. ORCID:, Eales, Stephen Anthony ORCID:, De Looze,, Ilse, Baes, Maarten, Bendo, George, Bianchi, Simone, Boquien, Mederic, Boselli, Alessandro, Buat, Veronique, Ciesla, Laure, Clemens, Marcel, Clements, David, Cooray,, Asantha, Cortese, Luca, Davies, Jonathan Ivor, Fritz, Jacopo, Gomez, Haley Louise ORCID:, Hughes, Thomas, Karczewski, Oskar, Lu, Nanyao, Oliver, Seb, Remy-Ruyer, Aurelie, Spinoglio, Luigi and Viaene, Sebastien 2016. Far-reaching dust distribution in galaxy disks. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 462 (1) , pp. 331-344. 10.1093/mnras/stw1611

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In most studies of dust in galaxies, dust is only detected from its emission to approximately the optical radius of the galaxy. By combining the signal of 110 spiral galaxies observed as part of the Herschel Reference Survey, we are able to improve our sensitivity by an order of magnitude over that for a single object. Here we report the direct detection of dust from its emission that extends out to at least twice the optical radius. We find that the distribution of dust is consistent with an exponential at all radii with a gradient of ∼−1.7 dex R −1 25 R25−1 . Our dust temperature declines linearly from ∼25 K in the centre to 15 K at R25 from where it remains constant out to ∼2.0 R25. The surface density of dust declines with radius at a similar rate to the surface density of stars but more slowly than the surface density of the star-formation rate. Studies based on dust extinction and reddening of high-redshift quasars have concluded that there are substantial amounts of dust in intergalactic space. By combining our results with the number counts and angular correlation function from the SDSS, we show that with Milky Way-type dust we can explain the reddening of the quasars by the dust within galactic discs alone. Given the uncertainties in the properties of any intergalactic dust, we cannot rule out its existence, but our results show that statistical investigations of the dust in galactic haloes that use the reddening of high-redshift objects must take account of the dust in galactic discs.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0035-8711
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 4 July 2016
Date of Acceptance: 4 July 2016
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2023 21:45

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