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Probiotic lactobacilli modulate staphylococcus aureus-induced activation of conventional and unconventional T cells and NK cells

Johansson, Maria A., Björkander, Sophia, Mata Forsberg, Manuel, Qazi, Khaleda Rahman, Salvany Celades, Maria, Bittmann, Julia, Eberl, Matthias and Sverremark-Ekström, Eva 2016. Probiotic lactobacilli modulate staphylococcus aureus-induced activation of conventional and unconventional T cells and NK cells. Frontiers in Immunology 7 , 00273. 10.3389/fimmu.2016.00273

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Lactobacilli are probiotic commensal bacteria and potent modulators of immunity. When present in the gut or supplemented as probiotics, they beneficially modulate ex vivo immune responsiveness. Further, factors derived from several lactobacilli strains act immune regulatory in vitro. In contrast, Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is known to induce excessive T cell activation. In this study, we aimed to investigate S. aureus-induced activation of human mucosal-associated invariant T cells (MAIT cells), γδ T cells, NK cells, as well as of conventional CD4+ and CD8+ T cells in vitro. Further, we investigated if lactobacilli-derived factors could modulate their activation. PBMC were cultured with S. aureus 161:2 cell-free supernatants (CFS), staphylococcal enterotoxin A or CD3/CD28-beads alone, or in combination with Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG-CFS or Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938-CFS and activation of T and NK cells was evaluated. S. aureus-CFS induced IFN-γ and CD107a expression as well as proliferation. Costimulation with lactobacilli-CFS dampened lymphocyte-activation in all cell types analyzed. Preincubation with lactobacilli-CFS was enough to reduce subsequent activation, and the absence of APC or APC-derived IL-10 did not prevent lactobacilli-mediated dampening. Finally, lactate selectively dampened activation of unconventional T cells and NK cells. In summary, we show that molecules present in the lactobacilli-CFS are able to directly dampen in vitro activation of conventional and unconventional T cells and of NK cells. This study provides novel insights on the immune-modulatory nature of probiotic lactobacilli and suggests a role for lactobacilli in the modulation of induced T and NK cell activation.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Publisher: Frontiers Research Foundation
ISSN: 1664-3224
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 13 July 2016
Date of Acceptance: 29 June 2016
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2020 08:42

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