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Mantle plume heterogeneity versus shallow-level interactions: A case study, the São Nicolau Island, Cape Verde archipelago

Millet, Marc-Alban ORCID:, Doucelance, Régis, Schiano, Pierre, David, Karine and Bosq, Chantal 2008. Mantle plume heterogeneity versus shallow-level interactions: A case study, the São Nicolau Island, Cape Verde archipelago. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 176 (2) , pp. 265-276. 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2008.04.003

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We present new Sr–Nd–Pb isotopic data, as well as major- and trace-element concentrations, for 19 basaltic samples from São Nicolau Island, Cape Verde archipelago. Fine-scale study of the island argues in favor of mixing between four endmembers to explain isotopic variations of collected samples: 1) a radiogenic endmember (87Sr/86Sr ~ 0.7034; 143Nd/144Nd ~ 0.51285; 206Pb/204Pb ~ 20.0; 207Pb/204Pb ~ 15.65; 208Pb/204Pb ~ 39.8) representative of the Cape Verde plume deep source; 2) an unradiogenic endmember having isotopic compositions resembling those of Atlantic MORB dredged at the same latitude; 3) a low Sr–high Nd and Pb endmember identified as the Jurassic MORB basement of the archipelago; and 4) São Vicente-like Cape Verde carbonatites. Compositional and isotopic results show that most of the measured variations can be related to mixing of plume-derived melts with shallow-level reservoirs. Therefore the source heterogeneity of the Cape Verde plume is much smaller than the one sampled in basaltic samples. This observation illustrates how caution is required when interpreting global OIB data in terms of mantle topology without filtering from the contribution of shallow-level reservoirs.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Environmental Sciences
Subjects: Q Science > QE Geology
Uncontrolled Keywords: OIB; isotope; mantle plume; Cape Verde archipelago; shallow-level interaction
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0377-0273
Date of Acceptance: 3 April 2008
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2022 10:56

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