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The sodium iodide symporter is unlikely to be a thyroid/breast shared antigen

Muller, Ilaria ORCID:, Zhang, Lei ORCID:, Giani, C, Dayan, Colin Mark ORCID:, Ludgate, Marian Elizabeth and Grennan-Jones, F. 2016. The sodium iodide symporter is unlikely to be a thyroid/breast shared antigen. Journal of Endocrinological Investigation 39 (3) , pp. 323-331. 10.1007/s40618-015-0368-6

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Purpose Anti-thyroid peroxidase (TPO) autoantibodies (TPOAb) seem to be protective for patients with breast cancer (BC). Thyroid and breast tissues both express the sodium iodide symporter (NIS), similarly both have a peroxidase activity, TPO and lactoperoxidase (LPO) respectively. We hypothesize a common immune response to a thyroid/breast shared antigen suggesting three putative mechanisms: (1) TPOAb react to both TPO and LPO, (2) TPO could be expressed in BC and (3) patients with TPOAb could have autoantibodies to NIS (NISAb). Previous studies excluded NISAb that block NIS activity in sera of patients with thyroid autoimmunity (TA) and/or BC. This study investigates neutral NISAb (binding without affecting function). Methods Clones of CHO cells stably expressing human NIS (hNIS; CHO-NIS) were isolated following transfection of hNIS in pcDNA3 vector. Expression of hNIS mRNA and surface protein was confirmed by PCR and flow cytometry respectively using a hNIS-mouse-monoclonal-antibody. CHO-NIS and controls transfected with the empty pcDNA3 vector (CHO-Empty) were incubated with 42 heat-inactivated human sera followed by an anti-human-IgG-AlexaFluor488-conjugate: 12 with BC, 11 with TA, 10 with both BC and TA and 9 with non-autoimmune thyroid diseases. The Kolmogorov–Smirnov Test was used to compare the fluorescence intensity obtained with CHO-NIS and CHO-Empty, using sera from six young males as a negative control population. Results None of the 42 sera were positive for NISAb. Conclusions NISAb are rare and NIS is unlikely to be a common thyroid/BC shared antigen. We have recently demonstrated TPO expression in BC tissue and are currently investigating TPOAb cross-reactivity with TPO/LPO.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Editrice Kurtis
ISSN: 0391-4097
Date of Acceptance: 21 July 2015
Last Modified: 05 Oct 2023 01:23

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