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Advances in the study of coke formation over zeolite catalysts in the methanol-to-hydrocarbon process

Liu, B., Slocombe, Daniel Rhys ORCID:, AlKinany, M., AlMegren, H., Wang, J., Arden, J., Vai, A., Gonzalez-Cortes, S., Xiao, T., Kuznetsov, V. and Edwards, P. P. 2016. Advances in the study of coke formation over zeolite catalysts in the methanol-to-hydrocarbon process. Applied Petrochemical Research 6 (3) , pp. 209-215. 10.1007/s13203-016-0156-z

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Methanol-to-hydrocarbon (MTH) process over acidic zeolite catalysts has been widely utilised to yield many types of hydrocarbons, some of which are eventually converted into the highly dehydrogenated (graphitized) carbonaceous species (cokes). The coking process can be divided into two parallel pathways based on the accepted hydrocarbon pool theory. From extensive investigations, it is reasonable to conclude that inner zeollite cavity/channel reactions at acidic sites generate cokes. However, coke formation and accumulation over the zeolite external surfaces play a major role in reaction deactivation as they contribute a great portion to the total coke amount. Herein we have reviewed previous literatures and included some recent works from KOPRC in understanding the nature and mechanism of coke formation, particularly during an H-ZSM-5 catalysed MTH reaction. We specially conclude that rapid aromatics formation at the zeolite crystalite edges is the main reason for later stage coke accumulation on the zeolite external surfaces. Accordingly, the catalyst deactivation is in a great certain to arise at those edge areas due to having the earliest contact with the incoming methanol reactant. The final coke structure is therefore built up with layers of poly-aromatics, as the potential sp2 carbons leading to pre-graphite structure. We have proposed a coke formation model particularly for the acidic catalyst, which we believe will be of assistance in understanding—and hence minimising—the coke formation mechanisms.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Zeolite catalyst,Methanol to hydrocarbons,Coking,Catalyst deactivation
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 2190-5525
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 24 August 2016
Date of Acceptance: 23 May 2016
Last Modified: 23 May 2023 14:27

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