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Science friction: Antarctic research whaling and the International Court of Justice

Caddell, Richard ORCID: 2014. Science friction: Antarctic research whaling and the International Court of Justice. Journal of Environmental Law 26 (2) , pp. 331-340. 10.1093/jel/equ018

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Whaling remains one of the most controversial and divisive aspects of the modern regulation of marine resources. In 1982, the International Whaling Commission, the global management body responsible for the regulation of whale stocks, instituted a moratorium on commercial hunting, which has been in force for almost 20 years. Nevertheless, a number of legal avenues exist within the current international regulatory framework to facilitate a degree of continued hunting. The most contentious of these is the scientific research exemption advanced under Article VIII of the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling 1946, which provides for the national authorization of permits for lethal research. Japan has undertaken a significant programme of scientific whaling in Antarctica since 1987, despite widespread international criticism and an escalating campaign of nautical obstruction by militant activists, duly generating a long-standing legal dispute with Australia. On 31 March 2014, judgment was rendered by the International Court of Justice, in favour of Australia, ordering Japan to cease and desist its Antarctic whaling programme and refuting Japanese assertions that these activities had been legitimately conducted ‘for the purposes of scientific research’ as permitted under the 1946 Convention.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Law
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 0952-8873
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 6 October 2016
Date of Acceptance: 1 May 2014
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2022 11:30

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