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3D T (2)-weighted imaging at 7T using dynamic k(T)-points on single-transmit MRI systems

Eggenschwiler, Florent, O'Brien, Kieran Robert, Gallichan, Daniel ORCID:, Gruetter, Rolf and Marques, Jose Pedro 2016. 3D T (2)-weighted imaging at 7T using dynamic k(T)-points on single-transmit MRI systems. Magnetic Resonance Materials in Physics, Biology and Medicine 29 (3) , pp. 347-358. 10.1007/s10334-016-0545-4

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Objectives For turbo spin echo (TSE) sequences to be useful at ultra-high field, they should ideally employ an RF pulse train compensated for the B1+ inhomogeneity. Previously, it was shown that a single kT-point pulse designed in the small tip-angle regime can replace all the pulses of the sequence (static kT-points). This work demonstrates that the B1+ dependence of T2-weighted imaging can be further mitigated by designing a specific kT-point pulse for each pulse of a 3D TSE sequence (dynamic kT-points) even on single-channel transmit systems Materials and methods By combining the spatially resolved extended phase graph formalism (which calculates the echo signals throughout the sequence) with a gradient descent algorithm, dynamic kT-points were optimized such that the difference between the simulated signal and a target was minimized at each echo. Dynamic kT-points were inserted into the TSE sequence to acquire in vivo images at 7T. Results The improvement provided by the dynamic kT-points over the static kT-point design and conventional hard pulses was demonstrated via simulations. Images acquired with dynamic kT-points showed systematic improvement of signal and contrast at 7T over regular TSE—especially in cerebellar and temporal lobe regions without the need of parallel transmission. Conclusion Designing dynamic kT-points for a 3D TSE sequence allows the acquisition of T2-weighted brain images on a single-transmit system at ultra-high field with reduced dropout and only mild residual effects due to the B1+ inhomogeneity.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Cardiff University Brain Research Imaging Centre (CUBRIC)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: T2-weighted imagingB1+ inhomogeneity correctionDynamic kT-pointsTSE sequenceSpatially resolved extended phase graph
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 0968-5243
Date of Acceptance: 3 March 2016
Last Modified: 02 Nov 2022 09:44

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