Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Star formation in nearby early-type galaxies: the radio continuum perspective

Nyland, Kristina, Young, Lisa M., Wrobel, Joan M., Davis, Timothy A. ORCID:, Bureau, Martin, Alatalo, Katherine, Morganti, Raffaella, Duc, Pierre-Alain, de Zeeuw, P. T., McDermid, Richard M., Crocker, Alison F. and Oosterloo, Tom 2017. Star formation in nearby early-type galaxies: the radio continuum perspective. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 464 (1) , pp. 1029-1064. 10.1093/mnras/stw2385

[thumbnail of 1609.02145v1.pdf]
PDF - Submitted Pre-Print Version
Download (13MB) | Preview


We present a 1.4 GHz Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) study of a sample of early-type galaxies (ETGs) from the ATLAS3D survey. The radio morphologies of these ETGs at a resolution of θFWHM ≈ 5 arcsec include sources that are compact on sub-kpc scales, resolved structures similar to those seen in star-forming spiral galaxies, and kpc-scale radio jets/lobes associated with active nuclei. We compare the radio, CO, and infrared (IR) properties of these ETGs. The most CO-rich ETGs have radio luminosities consistent with extrapolations from H2 mass derived star-formation rates from studies of late-type galaxies. These ETGs also follow the radio–IR correlation. However, ETGs with lower molecular gas masses tend to have less radio emission relative to their CO and IR emission compared to spirals. The fraction of galaxies in our sample with high IR-radio ratios is much higher than in previous studies, and cannot be explained by a systematic underestimation of the radio luminosity due to the presence extended, low-surface-brightness emission that was resolved out in our VLA observations. We find that the high IR-radio ratios tend to occur at low IR luminosities, but are not associated with low dynamical mass or metallicity. Thus, we have identified a population of ETGs that have a genuine shortfall of radio emission relative to both their IR and CO emission. A number of mechanisms may cause this deficiency, including a bottom-heavy stellar initial mass function, weak magnetic fields, a higher prevalence of environmental effects compared to spirals, and enhanced cosmic ray losses.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 0035-8711
Funders: STFC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 10 January 2017
Date of Acceptance: 21 September 2016
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2023 17:40

Citation Data

Cited 27 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics