Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Design and development of gasification processes in fluidised bed chemical reactor engineering

Al-Hwayzee, Mohammed 2016. Design and development of gasification processes in fluidised bed chemical reactor engineering. PhD Thesis, Cardiff University.
Item availability restricted.

[thumbnail of 2017Al-hwayzeeMHAPhD.pdf]
PDF - Accepted Post-Print Version
Download (11MB) | Preview
[thumbnail of Al-HwayzeeMHA.pdf] PDF - Supplemental Material
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (203kB)


This thesis focuses on studying and investigation the effects of the hydrodynamic and operating parameters in the air-biomass gasification in a bubbling fluidised bed gasifier under low temperature (<800oC) conditions and evaluating the potential of the gasification of two solid biomass waste materials, Iraqi date palm wastes and sawdust pinewood. These parameters are air flowrate, particle size of the sand bed material, biomass particle size, static bed height, air equivalence ratio, bed temperature, number of holes in distributor plates and biomass fuel type. A design study was conducted to provide preliminary data for designing and constructing a large lab-scale fluidised bed column, diameter D=8.3cm, for cold and hot fluidisation experiments. Cold fluidisation experiments were conducted to provide the fluidisation behaviour data for the sand, biomass and their mixture. The design and cold fluidisation results have shown a compatible finding in the following: 1) the design parameter Umf has shown that, it increases as sand particle size increases. 2) It was not affected by static bed height. In addition, cold fluidisation results show that: sand has a high fluidisation quality compared to pure biomass and sand-biomass mixture and there is no effect of the bed static height on the Umf. In general, the studied parameters on the air-biomass gasification performance have shown that: 1) air flowrate has a considerable effect, 2) as sand and biomass particle size increases a weakened gasification was achieved. 3) The static height effect has been observed due to the location of the biomass feeding position thereby affecting reactant residence time. 4) For equivalence ratio range (0.2-0.4) the lowest value provided optimum gas composition and LHV values, whereas the highest value ER= 0.43 provided highest (CCE), CGE) and (GY). 5) No significant effect was seen for bed temperature between 360 to 465oC. 6) A considerable effect has been shown for the distributor plate configuration. Finally, the results has shown that SPWB has potential compared to IDPWB for energy generation. However, additional simulation, optimization and experimental studies on the bubbling fluidised biomass gasification for a broad range of operating and hydrodynamic parameters are hereby suggested.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Status: Unpublished
Schools: Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bubbling Fluidised Bed Gasifier BFBG; Biomass Fluidisation; Reactor Design; Iraqi Date Palm Waste Biomass; Hydrodynamic & Operating Parameters; Pinewood Sawdust Waste Biomass.
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 26 January 2017
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2019 03:08

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics