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New developmentalism in Brazil? The need for sectoral analysis

Doering, Heike, Santos, Rodrigo Salles Pereira dos and Pocher, Eva 2017. New developmentalism in Brazil? The need for sectoral analysis. Review of International Political Economy 24 (2) , pp. 332-362. 10.1080/09692290.2016.1273841

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This article provides an analysis of the uneven practices and outcomes of new developmentalism in Brazil. New developmentalism has been described as a hybrid approach to development. It combines liberal practices of privatization and export orientation with state intervention to achieve social inclusion and economic development. Academic and policy literatures have repeatedly debated the conditions under which development takes place and have particularly focused on the role of the state. So far, discussions have predominantly concentrated on economic developments. We focus on the trajectories of new developmentalism in three strategic sectors in the Brazilian economy: oil, mining and steel, with particular emphasis on the steel industry. We contribute to the debate by paying equal attention to economic and social outcomes in these three sectors. We conclude that new developmentalism is sectorally specific. In the extractive sectors, export competitiveness translates into high wages. In steel, in contrast, new developmentalism brings economic benefits to some but social benefits to few. Thus it is a paradigm of development but it is not wholly developmental.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Business (Including Economics)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: developmental state, Latin America, steel industry, globalization, national champions
Publisher: Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
ISSN: 0969-2290
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 26 January 2017
Date of Acceptance: 9 December 2016
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2021 13:43

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