Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Enabling digital citizenship? The reshaping of surveillance policy after Snowden

Hintz, Arne ORCID: and Ian, Brown 2017. Enabling digital citizenship? The reshaping of surveillance policy after Snowden. International Journal of Communication 11 , pp. 782-801.

[thumbnail of 5522-Hintz  Brown (CC-BY).pdf]
PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (239kB) | Preview


The revelations by NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden have led to policy reform debates in several countries and to policy change in some, including a new legislative framework in the UK—the Investigatory Powers Act. In this article, we trace the forces and dynamics that have shaped this particular policy response. We investigate key controversies over the types and extent of surveillance; the capacity of different stakeholders to intervene into the debate and shape its outcomes; the attempts to achieve democratic legitimacy for data collection; and the consequences for digital citizenship. Drawing from a systematic analysis of relevant policy documents and interviews with key policy experts and stakeholders, we analyze conflicts over both the direction and details of surveillance policy, and uncover unequal degrees of influence over policy reform for different stakeholders. As a result, policy reform has led to a confirmation, rather than restriction, of data collection. Digital citizenship may be supported by the (limited) policy review in the UK and the development of a more transparent legislative framework, but is impeded by a growing range of surveillance capabilities.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Journalism, Media and Culture
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Snowden, surveillance, policy, law, regulation, digital citizenship, Investigatory Powers Bill, Investigatory Powers Act
Publisher: University of Southern California, Annenberg School for Communication & Journalism
ISSN: 1932-8036
Funders: ESRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 23 March 2017
Date of Acceptance: 27 January 2017
Last Modified: 04 May 2023 18:52

Citation Data

Cited 22 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics