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Enhanced UV and ethanol vapour sensing of a single 3-D ZnO tetrapod alloyed with Fe2O3 nanoparticles

Lupan, Oleg, Postica, Vasile, Gröttrup, Jorit, Mishra, Abhishek K., De Leeuw, Nora and Adelung, Rainer 2017. Enhanced UV and ethanol vapour sensing of a single 3-D ZnO tetrapod alloyed with Fe2O3 nanoparticles. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical 245 , pp. 448-461. 10.1016/j.snb.2017.01.107

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Fabrication of multifunctional devices based on nano- and microstructures of a single semiconducting oxide is an important step for a better understanding of their maximum sensing properties and the base for the development of bottom-up nanotechnologies. In this work we have fabricated, for the first time devices based on a single or two interconnected ZnO tetrapods (T), doped with Fe and alloyed with Fe2O3 nanoparticles (NPs) and microparticles (MPs) in order to improve their sensing properties towards ultraviolet (UV) sensing and ethanol vapour (EtOH). Compared to pristine ZnO-T improved UV and gas sensing properties of Fe-doped ZnO-T were observed. By Fe2O3-alloying of Fe-doped ZnO-T further improvement in sensing properties was obtained with a reduced influence of the relative humidity (RH) on the sensing response. A gas sensing mechanism was proposed and discussed in detail based on the alloyed Fe2O3 NPs and MPs. The results presented here demonstrate the efficiency of doping and alloying of single ZnO microstructures with other semiconducting oxides to improve their sensing properties, including the decrease in influence of RH on the gas response and the rapidity of the sensors.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Uncontrolled Keywords: Single tetrapod; Zinc oxide; Hetero; Ethanol; Nanosensor; Hybrid
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0925-4005
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 7 February 2017
Date of Acceptance: 17 January 2017
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2018 19:43

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