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Agents, mechanisms and clinical features of non-scald burns in children: a prospective UK study

Johnson, Emma, Maguire, Sabine, Hollen, Linda, Nuttall, Diane ORCID:, Rea, David and Kemp, Alison ORCID: 2017. Agents, mechanisms and clinical features of non-scald burns in children: a prospective UK study. Burns 43 (6) , pp. 1218-1226. 10.1016/j.burns.2017.01.036

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ABSTRACT Aims: To inform childhood burn prevention by identifying demographics, clinical features and circumstances of unintentional non-scald burns. Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted across Cardiff, Bristol and Manchester, including six emergency departments, three minor injury units and one burns unit between 13/01/2013-01/10/2015. Data collected for children aged <16 years with any burn (scald, contact, flame, radiation, chemical, electrical, friction) included: demographics, circumstances of injury and clinical features. Scalds and burns due to maltreatment were excluded from current analysis. Results: Of 564 non-scald cases, 60.8% were male, 51.1% were <3 years old, 90.1% of burns affected one anatomical site; Contact burns accounted for 86.7%, 34.8% of which were from objects placed at >0.6meters and 76.5% affected the hands. Hairstyling devices were the most common agent of contact burns (20.5%), 34.1% of hairstyling devices were on the floor. 63.7% of children aged 10-15 years sustained contact burns of which 23.2% were preparing food, and in burns from hairstyling devices, 73.3% were using them at the time of injury. Conclusions: Parents of toddlers must learn safe storage of hazardous items. Older children should be taught skills in safe cooking and hairstyling device use.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: burns, hairstyling devices, contact burns, safety hazards, children
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0305-4179
Funders: National Assembly for Wales, The Children’s Burns Research Centre
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 9 February 2017
Date of Acceptance: 30 January 2017
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2023 18:41

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