Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Rapid access to new angular phenothiazine and henoxazine dyes

Onoabedje, Efeturi A., Okoro, Uchechukwu C. and Knight, David William 2017. Rapid access to new angular phenothiazine and henoxazine dyes. Journal of Heterocyclic chemistry 54 (1) , pp. 206-214. 10.1002/jhet.2569

[thumbnail of Post print.pdf]
PDF - Accepted Post-Print Version
Download (493kB) | Preview


The synthesis of some new thiophenyl-derivatized and furanyl-derivatized phenothiazine and phenoxazine dyestuffs is described. This was achieved by two methods after the synthesis of 6-chloro-5H-benzo[a]phenothiazin-5-one, 6-chloro-5H-benzo[a]phenoxazin-5-one, and 6-chloro-5H-naphtho[2,1-b]pyrido[2,3-e][1,4]oxazin-5-one intermediates via anhydrous base condensation reaction of 2,3-dichloro-1,4-naphthoquinone with 2-aminothiophenol, 2-aminophenol, and 2-aminopyridinol, respectively. The first method involved treatment of tributyl(thien-2-yl) or tributyl(furan-2-yl) stannane with chlorophenothiazine/chlorophenoxazine under mild basic chemical formula (CsF) and 1,4-dioxane or toluene solvent at 80°C to supply dazzling yellow solid in high yields. In the second method, the catalytic system was pre-activated in acetonitrile, followed by addition of coupling partners and K3PO4 to obtain high melting and variety of highly colored products in moderate to high yields. The reaction conditions were compatible with unprotected N–H and carbonyl functional groups. The intense colors of these dyes and their ease of re-oxidation of Na2S2O4-reduced derivatives make them suitable as vat dyes. Also, they were found to be good colorants for textiles, papers, paint, ink, soap, polish, candle, and plastic materials.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 0022-152X
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 10 March 2017
Date of Acceptance: 18 October 2015
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2023 01:14

Citation Data

Cited 13 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics