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Assessing the view from bottom: How to measure socioeconomic position and relative deprivation in adolescents

Elgar, Frank J., Xie, Annie, Pfortner, Timo-Kolja, White, James and Pickett, Kate E. 2017. Assessing the view from bottom: How to measure socioeconomic position and relative deprivation in adolescents. SAGE Research Methods Cases, Vol. Part 2. SAGE, (10.4135/9781526406347)
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Assessments of socioeconomic position (SEP) and relative deprivation are important to many areas of child and adolescent research. These related constructs are typically measured using data on household income or parental education or occupation. However, because such data can be difficult to collect in youth surveys, the World Health Organisation’s Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study uses an inventory of common material assets in the home. The HBSC Family Affluence Scale is used to measure socioeconomic conditions in 11- to 15-year-olds in over 40 countries. This article examines the importance of SEP and relative deprivation to adolescent health and demonstrates simple calculations of these variables using the data from the Family Affluence Scale. We show how to transform a summation of material assets to a SEP index and apply Yitzhaki’s (1979) index of relative deprivation to material assets using schoolmates as a social comparison group. These calculations are useful to investigating the contextual determinants of health and developmental inequalities in young people and can be modified for other socioeconomic variables in and populations.

Item Type: Book Section
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Development and Evaluation of Complex Interventions for Public Health Improvement (DECIPHer)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9781526406347
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 14 March 2017
Date of Acceptance: 28 December 2016
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2017 11:53

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