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Heterogeneity of mammary stem cells

French, Rhiannon and Tornillo, Giusy 2019. Heterogeneity of mammary stem cells. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 1169 , pp. 119-140. 10.1007/978-3-030-24108-7_7

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Adult female mammals are endowed with the unique ability to produce milk for nourishing their newborn offspring. Milk is secreted on demand by the mammary gland, an organ which develops during puberty, further matures during pregnancy and lactation, but reverts to a resting state after weaning. The glandular tissue (re)generated through this series of structural and functional changes is finely sourced by resident stem cells under the control of systemic hormones and local stimuli. Over the past decades a plethora of studies have been carried out in order to identify and characterize mammary stem cells, primarily in mice and humans. Intriguingly, it is now emerging that multiple mammary stem cell pools (co)exist and are characterized by distinctive molecular markers and context-dependent functions. This chapter reviews the heterogeneity of the mammary stem cell compartment with emphasis on the key properties and molecular regulators of distinct stem cell populations in both the mouse and human glands.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
European Cancer Stem Cell Research Institute (ECSCRI)
ISSN: 0065-2598
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2020 01:21

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