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CD40L reverse signaling suppresses prevertebral sympathetic axon growth and tissue innervation

Calhan, Osman Yipkin, Wyatt, Sean and Davies, Alun Millward 2019. CD40L reverse signaling suppresses prevertebral sympathetic axon growth and tissue innervation. Developmental Neurobiology 79 (11-12) , pp. 949-962. 10.1002/dneu.22735

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Abstract

CD40‐activated CD40L reverse signaling is a major physiological regulator of the growth of neural processes in the developing nervous system. Previous work on superior cervical ganglion (SCG) neurons of the paravertebral sympathetic chain has shown that CD40L reverse signaling enhances NGF‐promoted axon growth and tissue innervation. Here we show that CD40L reverse signaling has the opposite function in prevertebral ganglion (PVG) sympathetic neurons. During a circumscribed perinatal window of development, PVG neurons cultured from Cd40–/– mice had substantially larger, more exuberant axon arbors in the presence of NGF than PVG neurons cultured from wild‐type mice. Tissues that receive their sympathetic innervation from PVG neurons were markedly hyperinnervated in Cd40–/– mice compared with wild‐type mice. The exuberant axonal growth phenotype of cultured CD40‐deficient perinatal PVG neurons was pared back to wild‐type levels by activating CD40L reverse signaling with a CD40‐Fc chimeric protein, but not by activating CD40 forward signaling with CD40L. The co‐expression of CD40 and CD40L in PVG neurons suggests that these proteins engage in an autocrine signaling loop in these neurons. Our work shows that CD40L reverse signaling is a physiological regulator of NGF‐promoted sympathetic axon growth and tissue innervation with opposite effects in paravertebral and prevertebral neurons.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 1932-8451
Funders: Wellcome Trust
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 2 March 2020
Date of Acceptance: 20 February 2020
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2021 19:42
URI: http://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/130095

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