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Impairments in sensory-motor gating and information processing in a mouse model of Ehmt1 haploinsufficiency

Davis, Brittany, David, Francois, O’Regan, Ciara, Adam, Manal, Harwood, Adrian, Crunelli, Vincenzo and Isles, Anthony 2020. Impairments in sensory-motor gating and information processing in a mouse model of Ehmt1 haploinsufficiency. Brain and Neuroscience Advances 4 10.1177/2398212820928647

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Abstract

Regulators of chromatin dynamics and transcription are increasingly implicated in the aetiology of neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs). Haploinsufficiency of EHMT1, encoding a histone methyl-transferase, is associated with several NDDs, including Kleefstra syndrome, developmental delay and autism spectrum disorder. Using a mouse model of Ehmt1 haploinsufficiency (Ehmt1D6Cre/+), we examined a number of brain and behavioural endophenotypes of relevance to NDDs. Specifically, we show that Ehmt1D6Cre/+ mice have deficits in information processing, evidenced by abnormal sensory-motor gating, a complete absence of object recognition memory and a reduced magnitude of auditory evoked potentials in both paired-pulse inhibition and mismatch negativity (MMN). The electrophysiological experiments show that differences in magnitude response to auditory stimulus were associated with marked reductions in total and evoked beta- and gamma-band oscillatory activity, as well as significant reductions in phase synchronisation. The pattern of electrophysiological deficits in Ehmt1D6Cre/+ matches those seen in control mice following administration of the selective NMDA-R antagonist, ketamine. This, coupled with reduction of Grin1 mRNA expression in Ehmt1D6Cre/+ hippocampus, suggests that Ehmt1 haploinsufficiency may lead to disruption in NMDA-R. Taken together, these data indicate that reduced Ehmt1 dosage during forebrain development leads to abnormal circuitry formation, which in turn results in profound information processing deficits. Such information processing deficits are likely paramount to our understanding of the cognitive and neurological dysfunctions shared across the NDDs associated with EHMT1 haploinsufficiency.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISSN: 2398-2128
Funders: Wellcome Trust
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 4 May 2020
Date of Acceptance: 30 April 2020
Last Modified: 05 May 2021 02:37
URI: http://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/131364

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