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Genome-wide analysis of Dof genes and their response to abiotic stress in rose (Rosa chinensis)

Nan, Hong, Ludlow, Richard A., Lu, Min and An, Huaming 2021. Genome-wide analysis of Dof genes and their response to abiotic stress in rose (Rosa chinensis). Frontiers in Genetics 12 , 538733. 10.3389/fgene.2021.538733

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Abstract

Dof (DNA binding with one finger) proteins play important roles in plant development and defense regulatory networks. In the present study, we report a genome-wide analysis of rose Dof genes (RchDof), including phylogenetic inferences, gene structures, chromosomal locations, gene duplications, and expression diversity. A total of 24 full-length RchDof genes were identified in Rosa chinensis, which were assigned to nine distinct subgroups. These RchDof genes were unevenly distributed on rose chromosomes. The genome-scale analysis of synteny indicated that segmental duplication events may have played a major role in the evolution of the RchDof gene family. Analysis of cis-acting elements revealed putative functions of Dofs in rose during development as well as under numerous biotic and abiotic stress conditions. Moreover, the expression profiles derived from qRT-PCR experiments demonstrated distinct expression patterns in various tissues, and gene expression divergence existed among the duplicated RchDof genes, suggesting a fundamentally functional divergence of the duplicated Dof paralogs in rose. The gene expression analysis of RchDofs under drought and salt stress conditions was also performed. The present study offered novel insights into the evolution of RchDofs and can aid in the further functional characterization of its candidate genes.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: Frontiers Media
ISSN: 1664-8021
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 2 August 2021
Date of Acceptance: 26 January 2021
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2021 14:00
URI: http://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/143100

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