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Common variants in Alzheimer's disease and risk stratification by polygenic risk scores

de Rojas, Itziar, Moreno-Grau, Sonia, Tesi, Niccolo, Grenier-Boley, Benjamin, Andrade, Victor, Jansen, Iris E., Pedersen, Nancy L., Stringa, Najada, Zettergren, Anna, Hernández, Isabel, Montrreal, Laura, Antúnez, Carmen, Antonell, Anna, Tankard, Rick M., Bis, Joshua C., Sims, Rebecca, Bellenguez, Céline, Quintela, Inés, González-Perez, Antonio, Calero, Miguel, Franco-Macías, Emilio, Macías, Juan, Blesa, Rafael, Cervera-Carles, Laura, Menéndez-González, Manuel, Frank-García, Ana, Royo, Jose Luís, Moreno, Fermin, Huerto Vilas, Raquel, Baquero, Miquel, Diez-Fairen, Mónica, Lage, Carmen, García-Madrona, Sebastián, García-González, Pablo, Alarcón-Martín, Emilio, Valero, Sergi, Sotolongo-Grau, Oscar, Ullgren, Abbe, Naj, Adam C., Lemstra, Afina W., Benaque, Alba, Pérez-Cordón, Alba, Benussi, Alberto, Rábano, Alberto, Padovani, Alessandro, Squassina, Alessio, de Mendonça, Alexandre, Arias Pastor, Alfonso, Kok, Almar A. L., Meggy, Alun, Pastor, Ana Belén, Espinosa, Ana, Corma-Gómez, Anaïs, Martín Montes, Angel, Sanabria, Ángela, DeStefano, Anita L., Schneider, Anja, Haapasalo, Annakaisa, Kinhult Ståhlbom, Anne, Tybjærg-Hansen, Anne, Hartmann, Annette M., Spottke, Annika, Corbatón-Anchuelo, Arturo, Rongve, Arvid, Borroni, Barbara, Arosio, Beatrice, Nacmias, Benedetta, Nordestgaard, Børge G., Kunkle, Brian W., Charbonnier, Camille, Abdelnour, Carla, Masullo, Carlo, Martínez Rodríguez, Carmen, Muñoz-Fernandez, Carmen, Dufouil, Carole, Graff, Caroline, Ferreira, Catarina B., Chillotti, Caterina, Reynolds, Chandra A., Fenoglio, Chiara, Van Broeckhoven, Christine, Clark, Christopher, Pisanu, Claudia, Satizabal, Claudia L., Holmes, Clive, Buiza-Rueda, Dolores, Aarsland, Dag, Rujescu, Dan, Alcolea, Daniel, Galimberti, Daniela, Wallon, David, Seripa, Davide, Grünblatt, Edna, Dardiotis, Efthimios, Düzel, Emrah, Scarpini, Elio, Conti, Elisa, Rubino, Elisa, Gelpi, Ellen, Rodriguez-Rodriguez, Eloy, Duron, Emmanuelle, Boerwinkle, Eric, Ferri, Evelyn, Tagliavini, Fabrizio, Küçükali, Fahri, Pasquier, Florence, Sanchez-Garcia, Florentino, Mangialasche, Francesca, Jessen, Frank, Nicolas, Gaël, Selbæk, Geir, Ortega, Gemma, Chêne, Geneviève, Hadjigeorgiou, Georgios, Rossi, Giacomina, Spalletta, Gianfranco, Giaccone, Giorgio, Grande, Giulia, Binetti, Giuliano, Papenberg, Goran, Hampel, Harald, Bailly, Henri, Zetterberg, Henrik, Soininen, Hilkka, Karlsson, Ida K., Alvarez, Ignacio, Appollonio, Ildebrando, Giegling, Ina, Skoog, Ingmar, Saltvedt, Ingvild, Rainero, Innocenzo, Rosas Allende, Irene, Hort, Jakub, Diehl-Schmid, Janine, Van Dongen, Jasper, Vidal, Jean-Sebastien, Lehtisalo, Jenni, Wiltfang, Jens, Thomassen, Jesper Qvist, Kornhuber, Johannes, Haines, Jonathan L., Vogelgsang, Jonathan, Pineda, Juan A., Fortea, Juan, Popp, Julius, Deckert, Jürgen, Buerger, Katharina, Morgan, Kevin, Fließbach, Klaus, Sleegers, Kristel, Molina-Porcel, Laura, Kilander, Lena, Weinhold, Leonie, Farrer, Lindsay A., Wang, Li-San, Kleineidam, Luca, Farotti, Lucia, Parnetti, Lucilla, Tremolizzo, Lucio, Hausner, Lucrezia, Benussi, Luisa, Froelich, Lutz, Ikram, M. Arfan, Deniz-Naranjo, M. Candida, Tsolaki, Magda, Rosende-Roca, Maitée, Löwenmark, Malin, Hulsman, Marc, Spallazzi, Marco, Pericak-Vance, Margaret A., Esiri, Margaret, Bernal Sánchez-Arjona, María, Dalmasso, Maria Carolina, Martínez-Larrad, María Teresa, Arcaro, Marina, Nöthen, Markus M., Fernández-Fuertes, Marta, Dichgans, Martin, Ingelsson, Martin, Herrmann, Martin J., Scherer, Martin, Vyhnalek, Martin, Kosmidis, Mary H., Yannakoulia, Mary, Schmid, Matthias, Ewers, Michael, Heneka, Michael T., Wagner, Michael, Scamosci, Michela, Kivipelto, Miia, Hiltunen, Mikko, Zulaica, Miren, Alegret, Montserrat, Fornage, Myriam, Roberto, Natalia, van Schoor, Natasja M., Seidu, Nazib M., Banaj, Nerisa, Armstrong, Nicola J., Scarmeas, Nikolaos, Scherbaum, Norbert, Goldhardt, Oliver, Hanon, Oliver, Peters, Oliver, Skrobot, Olivia Anna, Quenez, Olivier, Lerch, Ondrej, Bossù, Paola, Caffarra, Paolo, Dionigi Rossi, Paolo, Sakka, Paraskevi, Hoffmann, Per, Holmans, Peter A., Fischer, Peter, Riederer, Peter, Yang, Qiong, Marshall, Rachel, Kalaria, Rajesh N., Mayeux, Richard, Vandenberghe, Rik, Cecchetti, Roberta, Ghidoni, Roberta, Frikke-Schmidt, Ruth, Sorbi, Sandro, Hägg, Sara, Engelborghs, Sebastiaan, Helisalmi, Seppo, Botne Sando, Sigrid, Kern, Silke, Archetti, Silvana, Boschi, Silvia, Fostinelli, Silvia, Gil, Silvia, Mendoza, Silvia, Mead, Simon, Ciccone, Simona, Djurovic, Srdjan, Heilmann-Heimbach, Stefanie, Riedel-Heller, Steffi, Kuulasmaa, Teemu, del Ser, Teodoro, Lebouvier, Thibaud, Polak, Thomas, Ngandu, Tiia, Grimmer, Timo, Bessi, Valentina, Escott-Price, Valentina, Giedraitis, Vilmantas, Deramecourt, Vincent, Maier, Wolfgang, Jian, Xueqiu, Pijnenburg, Yolande A. 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T., Marquié, M., Mauleón, A., Montrreal, L., Moreno-Grau, S., Moreno, M., Orellana, A., Ortega, G., Pancho, A., Pelejá, E., Pérez-Cordon, A., Pineda, J. A., Preckler, S., Quintela, I., Real, L. M., Rosende-Roca, M., Ruiz, A., Sáez, M. E., Sanabria, A., Serrano-Rios, M., Sotolongo-Grau, O., Tárraga, L., Valero, S., Vargas, L., Adarmes-Gómez, A. D., Alarcón-Martín, E., Alonso, M. D., Álvarez, I., Álvarez, V., Amer-Ferrer, G., Antequera, M., Antúnez, C., Baquero, M., Bernal, M., Blesa, R., Boada, M., Buiza-Rueda, D., Bullido, M. J., Burguera, J. A., Calero, M., Carrillo, F., Carrión-Claro, M., Casajeros, M. J., Clarimón, J., Cruz-Gamero, J. M., de Pancorbo, M. M., de Rojas, I., del Ser, T., Diez-Fairen, M., Escuela, R., Garrote-Espina, L., Fortea, J., Franco-Macías, E., Frank-García, A., García-Alberca, J. M., Garcia Madrona, S., Garcia-Ribas, G., Gómez-Garre, P., Hernández, I., Hevilla, S., Jesús, S., Labrador Espinosa, M. A., Lage, C., Legaz, A., Lleó, A., Lopez de Munain, A., López-García, S., Macias-García, D., Manzanares, S., Marín, M., Marín-Muñoz, J., Marín, T., Marquié, M., Martín Montes, A., Martínez, B., Martínez, C., Martínez, V., Martínez-Lage Álvarez, P., Medina, M., Mendioroz Iriarte, M., Menéndez-González, M., Mir, P., Molinuevo, J. L., Pastor, P., Pérez Tur, J., Periñán-Tocino, T., Pineda-Sanchez, R., Piñol-Ripoll, G., Rábano, A., Real de Asúa, D., Rodrigo, S., Rodríguez-Rodríguez, E., Royo, J. L., Ruiz, A., Sanchez del Valle Díaz, R., Sánchez-Juan, P., Sastre, I., Valero, S., Vicente, M. P., Vigo-Ortega, R., Vivancos, L., Macleod, C., McCracken, C., Brayne, Carol, Bresner, Catherine, Grozeva, Detelina, Bellou, Eftychia, Sommerville, Ewen W., Matthews, F., Leonenko, Ganna, Menzies, Georgina, Windle, Gill, Harwood, Janet, Phillips, Judith, Bennett, K., Luckuck, Lauren, Clare, Linda, Woods, Robert, Saad, Salha, Burholt, Vanessa, Jansen, Iris E., Rongve, Arvid, Kehoe, Patrick Gavin, Garcia-Ribas, Guillermo, Sánchez-Juan, Pascual, Pastor, Pau, Pérez-Tur, Jordi, Piñol-Ripoll, Gerard, Lopez de Munain, Adolfo, García-Alberca, Jose María, Bullido, María J., Álvarez, Victoria, Lleó, Alberto, Real, Luis M., Mir, Pablo, Medina, Miguel, Scheltens, Philip, Holstege, Henne, Marquié, Marta, Sáez, María Eugenia, Carracedo, Ángel, Amouyel, Philippe, Schellenberg, Gerard D., Williams, Julie, Seshadri, Sudha, van Duijn, Cornelia M., Mather, Karen A., Sánchez-Valle, Raquel, Serrano-Ríos, Manuel, Orellana, Adelina, Tárraga, Lluís, Blennow, Kaj, Huisman, Martijn, Andreassen, Ole A., Posthuma, Danielle, Clarimón, Jordi, Boada, Mercè, van der Flier, Wiesje M., Ramirez, Alfredo, Lambert, Jean-Charles, van der Lee, Sven J. and Ruiz, Agustín 2021. Common variants in Alzheimer's disease and risk stratification by polygenic risk scores. Nature Communications 12 (1) , 3417. 10.1038/s41467-021-22491-8

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Abstract

Genetic discoveries of Alzheimer’s disease are the drivers of our understanding, and together with polygenetic risk stratification can contribute towards planning of feasible and efficient preventive and curative clinical trials. We first perform a large genetic association study by merging all available case-control datasets and by-proxy study results (discovery n = 409,435 and validation size n = 58,190). Here, we add six variants associated with Alzheimer’s disease risk (near APP, CHRNE, PRKD3/NDUFAF7, PLCG2 and two exonic variants in the SHARPIN gene). Assessment of the polygenic risk score and stratifying by APOE reveal a 4 to 5.5 years difference in median age at onset of Alzheimer’s disease patients in APOE ɛ4 carriers. Because of this study, the underlying mechanisms of APP can be studied to refine the amyloid cascade and the polygenic risk score provides a tool to select individuals at high risk of Alzheimer’s disease.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Medicine
Additional Information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Publisher: Nature Research
ISSN: 2041-1723
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 1 September 2021
Date of Acceptance: 17 March 2021
Last Modified: 09 Sep 2021 15:06
URI: http://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/143798

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