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Functional characterization of two PLP-dependent enzymes involved in capsular polysaccharide biosynthesis from campylobacter jejuni

Riegert, Alexander S., Narindoshvili, Tamari, Coricello, Adriana, Richards, Nigel G. J. and Raushel, Frank M. 2021. Functional characterization of two PLP-dependent enzymes involved in capsular polysaccharide biosynthesis from campylobacter jejuni. Biochemistry 60 (37) , 2836–2843. 10.1021/acs.biochem.1c00439
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Abstract

Campylobacter jejuni is a Gram-negative, pathogenic bacterium that causes campylobacteriosis, a form of gastroenteritis. C. jejuni is the most frequent cause of food-borne illness in the world, surpassing Salmonella and E. coli. Coating the surface of C. jejuni is a layer of sugar molecules known as the capsular polysaccharide that, in C. jejuni NCTC 11168, is composed of a repeating unit of d-glycero-l-gluco-heptose, d-glucuronic acid, d-N-acetyl-galactosamine, and d-ribose. The d-glucuronic acid moiety is further amidated with either serinol or ethanolamine. It is unknown how these modifications are synthesized and attached to the polysaccharide. Here, we report the catalytic activities of two previously uncharacterized, pyridoxal phosphate (PLP)-dependent enzymes, Cj1436 and Cj1437, from C. jejuni NCTC 11168. Using a combination of mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance, we determined that Cj1436 catalyzes the decarboxylation of l-serine phosphate to ethanolamine phosphate. Cj1437 was shown to catalyze the transamination of dihydroxyacetone phosphate to (S)-serinol phosphate in the presence of l-glutamate. The probable routes to the ultimate formation of the glucuronamide substructures in the capsular polysaccharides of C. jejuni are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Publisher: American Chemical Society
ISSN: 0006-2960
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 18 October 2021
Date of Acceptance: 10 September 2021
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2021 05:39
URI: http://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/144911

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