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Antigen sensitivity is a major determinant of CD8+ T-cell polyfunctionality and HIV-suppressive activity

Almeida, Jorge R., Sauce, Delphine, Price, David, Papagno, Laura, Shin, So Youn, Moris, Arnaud, Larsen, Martin, Pancino, Gianfranco, Douek, Daniel C., Autran, Brigitte, Saez-Cirion, Asier and Appay, Victor 2009. Antigen sensitivity is a major determinant of CD8+ T-cell polyfunctionality and HIV-suppressive activity. Blood 113 (25) , pp. 6351-6360. 10.1182/blood-2009-02-206557

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CD8+ T cells are major players in the immune response against HIV. However, recent failures in the development of T cell–based vaccines against HIV-1 have emphasized the need to reassess our basic knowledge of T cell–mediated efficacy. CD8+ T cells from HIV-1–infected patients with slow disease progression exhibit potent polyfunctionality and HIV-suppressive activity, yet the factors that unify these properties are incompletely understood. We performed a detailed study of the interplay between T-cell functional attributes using a bank of HIV-specific CD8+ T-cell clones isolated in vitro; this approach enabled us to overcome inherent difficulties related to the in vivo heterogeneity of T-cell populations and address the underlying determinants that synthesize the qualities required for antiviral efficacy. Conclusions were supported by ex vivo analysis of HIV-specific CD8+ T cells from infected donors. We report that attributes of CD8+ T-cell efficacy against HIV are linked at the level of antigen sensitivity. Highly sensitive CD8+ T cells display polyfunctional profiles and potent HIV-suppressive activity. These data provide new insights into the mechanisms underlying CD8+ T-cell efficacy against HIV, and indicate that vaccine strategies should focus on the induction of HIV-specific T cells with high levels of antigen sensitivity to elicit potent antiviral efficacy.

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: American Society of Hematology
ISSN: 0006-4971
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 03:52

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