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TLR4 regulates cardiac lipid accumulation and diabetic heart disease in the nonobese diabetic mouse model of type 1 diabetes

Dong, Baojun, Qi, Dake, Yang, Long, Huang, Yan, Xiao, Xiaoyan, Tai, Ningwen, Wen, Li and Wong, Florence Susan 2012. TLR4 regulates cardiac lipid accumulation and diabetic heart disease in the nonobese diabetic mouse model of type 1 diabetes. American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology 303 (6) , H732-H742. 10.1152/ajpheart.00948.2011

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Toll-like receptor (TLR)4 regulates inflammation and metabolism and has been linked to the pathogenesis of heart disease. TLR4 is upregulated in diabetic cardiomyocytes, and we examined the role of TLR4 in modulating cardiac fatty acid (FA) metabolism and the pathogenesis of diabetic heart disease in nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice. Both wild-type (WT) NOD and TLR4-deficient NOD animals had increased plasma triglyceride levels after the onset of diabetes. However, by comparison, TLR4-deficient NOD mouse hearts had lower triglyceride accumulation in the early stages of diabetes, which was associated with a reduction in myeloid differentiation primary response gene (88) (MyD88), phosphorylation of p38 MAPK (phospho-p38), lipoprotein lipase (LPL), and JNK levels but increased phospho-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). Oleic acid treatment in H9C2 cardiomyocytes also led to cellular lipid accumulation, which was attenuated by TLR4 small interfering RNA. TLR4 deficiency in the cells decreased FA-induced augmentation of MyD88, phospho-p38, and LPL, suggesting that TLR4 may modulate FA-induced lipid metabolism in cardiomyocytes. In addition, although cardiac function was impaired in both diabetic WT NOD and TLR4-deficient NOD animals compared with control nondiabetic mice, this deficit was less in the diabetic TLR4-deficient NOD mice, which had greater ejection fraction, greater fractional shortening, and increased left ventricular developed pressure in the early stages after the development of diabetes compared with their diabetic WT NOD counterparts. Thus, we conclude that TLR4 plays a role in regulating lipid accumulation in cardiac muscle after the onset of type 1 diabetes, which may contribute to cardiac dysfunction.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Publisher: American Physiological Society
ISSN: 0363-6135
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 04:43

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